The act of the ecclesiastical court in Serres from October 1366

Description

The ecclesiastical court at Serres rejected in October 1366 the claims of megas primikerios Georgios Isaris. He required the sum, which Georgios Stanisas, his son-in-law, paid in order to obtain adelphata. When Stanisas died, Isaris tried to get the money of his son-in-law back. He did not even hesitate to forge documents related to the affair.

Relations

References (1)
Name Class Pages Description
Actes de Chilandar I (old) Edition Nr. 151 (316-320) Actes de Chilandar. Premiére partie. Actes grecs (ed. Louis Petit, Basile Korablev, St. Petersbourg 1911, reprinted Amsterdam 1975).
Actors (4)
Name Class Begin End Relation Type Description
Eudaimonoioannes, Demetrios Komnenos Person Attested in the sources between 1360 and 1366. He appears as κῦρ, δοῦλος and οἰκεῖος of the Serbian Empress Jelena (Helene), δοῦλος of of the Serbian Despot Ioan Uglješa (Ioannes Unklesis) in the sources. He held the office of governor of Serres 1360. He repeatedly judged in a court as καθολικὸς κριτής between 1365 – 1366 in Serres. He was a member of ecclesiastical court, which was summoned by Iakobos, the Metropolitan of Serres (ἐξελέγημεν ἡμεῖς οἵ τε οἰκεῖοι τῇ κραταιᾷ καὶ ἁγίᾳ ἠμῶν κυρίᾳ καὶ δεσποίνῃ, ὅ τε μέγας παππίας Δούκας ὁ Νεστόγγος, Κομνηνὸς ὁ Εὐδαιμονοϊωάννης). He signed also the document issued by Iakobos in November 1360 concerning the metochion Saint Nicholas in Kamenikaia (ὁ δοῦλος τῆς κραταιᾶς καὶ ἁγίας ἠμῶν κυρίας καὶ δεσποίνης κεφαλὴ Σερρῶν Κομνηνὸς ὁ Εὐδαιμονοϊωάννης). He participated in the decision over a plot of land in the village Zetinon (Zintzu) and a Church of Saint George (τῶν εὐγενεστάτων καὶ καθολικῶν κριτῶν, ... κῦρ Δημητρίου Κομνενοῦ τοῦ Εὐδαιμονοϊωάννου). He with other members of the court ruled in favor of the Esphigmenu Monastery against the Kastamonitu Monastery. He signed the decision document issued by Sabas, the Metropolitan of Serres, in August 1365 (Ὁ δοῦλος τῆς κραταιᾶς καὶ ἁγίας ἡμῶν κυρίας καὶ δεσποίνης καθολικός κριτὴς Δημήτριος Κομνηνός ὁ ΕΥΔΑΙΜΟΝΟΙΩΑΝΝΗΣ). He attended the trial between Hilandar Monastery and Georgios Isaris (τοὺς καθολικοὺς κριτάς, τὸν ἐπὶ τοῦ κάστρου κῦριν Ὀρέστην καὶ τὸν κυρὸν Δημήτριον Κομνηνὸν τὸν Εὐδαιμονοϊωάννην). He together with other members of the court ruled in favor of the Hilandar Monastery and signed the charter issued on this occasion (ὁ δοῦλος τοῦ ἁγίου μου αὐθέντου τοῦ πανευτυχεστάτου δεσπότου, Δημήτριος Κομνηνὸς ὀ Εὐδαιμονοϊωάννης).
Isaris Georgios Person Deceased by April 1374. He appears as κῦρ, οἰκεῖος of the Serbian Emperor Stefan Uroš IV Dušan and the Byzantine Emperor Ioannes V. Palaiologos in the sources. He was in charge of Megas Drungarios τοῦ στόλου, 1344. Eparchos, 1348–1350. Megas Primikerios, 1366. Megas Konostaulos, 1367–1374. He was married to Xene Isarina. He had two sons (Michael Angelos Isaris and Theodoros Komnenos Isaris). His son-in-law was Georgios Stanisas. He was a wealthy landowner, who possessed several estates around Thessalonica. He was probably the student of Georgios Akindynos. He also corresponded with him. He was a supporter of the anti-Palamite party. When he turned his coat, he was criticized by Georgios Akindynos as a traitor. He was among the witnesses to the charter of protovestiarites Ioannes Dukas from September 1344, who rejected the claim of the revenue office on the part of the place Diabolokampos, a property of the Docheiariu Monastery. He joined in summer 1345 the proponents of the Byzantine Emperor Ioannes VI Kantakuzenos. He was nearly killed during the revolt of the Zealots. He met Gregorios Palamas on Moun Athos between September 1347 and September 1348. The Serbian Emperor Stefan Uroš IV Dušan donated in April 1348 the dependant peasants in the area of Hermelia, which belonged to Georgios Isaris. The Byzantine Emperor Ioannes V. Palaiologos gave in December 1350 several landed estates to Demetrios Kokalas in addition to his oikonomia. He mandated Georgios Isaris with Manuel Chageres to execute the task. He had a 11 years lasting quarrel with the Hilandar Monastery. He required the sum, which Georgios Stanisas, his son-in-law, paid in order to obtain adelphata. When Stanisas died, Isaris tried to get the money of his son-in-law back. He did not even hesitate to forge documents related to the affair. He was a friend of Makarios Chumnos and probably sponsored his foundation of Nea Moni in Thessalonica.
Orestes Person The last mention of his name in the sources is from 1366. He appears in the charters as κῦρ or δοῦλος of the Serbian Empress Jelena (Helene) and of the Serbian Despot Ioan Uglješa (Ioannes Unklesis). He repeatedly judged in a court as καθολικὸς κριτής between 1365 – 1366 in Serres. He held the office of ἐπὶ τοῦ στρατοῦ in Serres (1365 – 1366) and ἐπὶ τοῦ κάστρου in Serres (eventually from 1350 to 1366). He erected the tower at Serres in 1350 at the behest of the Serbian Emperor Stefan Uroš IV Dušan (Πύργος Στεφάνου βασιλέως ὅν ἔκτισεν Ὁρέστης Αὐγούστου Δʹ Ινδικτιωνος Γ ΩΝΗ). He participated in the decision over a plot of land in the village Zetinon (Zintzu) and a Church of Saint George (τῶν εὐγενεστάτων καὶ καθολικῶν κριτῶν, τοῦ τε κῦρ Ὀρέστου τοῦ ἐπὶ τοῦ στρατοῦ). He corroborated the document issued by Sabas, the Metropolitan of Serres, by his own signature in August 1365 (ὁ δοῦλος τῆς κραταιᾶς καὶ ἁγίας ἠμῶν κυρίας καὶ δεσποίνης καθολικὸς κριτής, Ὀρέστης † Ὁ ἘΠΙ ΤΟΥ ΣΤΡΑΤΟΥ). He attended the trial between Hilandar Monastery and Georgios Isaris (τοὺς καθολικοὺς κριτάς, τὸν ἐπὶ τοῦ κάστρου κῦριν Ὀρέστην). He together with other members of the court ruled in favor of the Hilandar Monastery and signed the charter issued on this occasion (ὁ δοῦλος τοῦ ἁγίου μου αὐθέντου τοῦ πανευτυχεστάτου δεσπότου καθολικὸς κριτής, Ὀρέστης † ὁ ἐπὶ τοῦ στρατοῦ).
Pediasimos Niketas Person Attested in the sources from 1366 to 1369. The sources refer to him as a κῦρ, δοῦλος and οἰκεῖος of the Serbian Despot Ioan Uglješa (Ioannes Unklesis). The sources describe him as θαυμαστός, σοφός, σοφώτατος and φιλαλήθης. He judged in a court as καθολικὸς κριτής in 1366 at Serres. He was an ὄτροκος (enforcement officer). He was a Greek (ἄνδρα Ῥωμαίον). He attended the trial between thr Hilandar Monastery and Georgios Isaris (ἀλλὰ δὴ καὶ τὸν σοφώτατον κυρὸν Νικήταν τὸν Πεδιάσημον). He together with other members of the court ruled in favor of the Hilandar Monastery and signed the charter, which was issued in October 1366 (ὁ δοῦλος τοῦ ἁγίου μου αὐθέντου τοῦ πανευτυχεστάτου δεσπότου Νικήτας † ὁ Πεδιάσημος). He was sent by the Serbian Despot Ioan Uglješa (Ioannes Unklesis) to the Metropolitan of Thessalonica in order to secure the testimonies of competent witnesses in the case of the questionable land, which belonged to the Sarabare Monastery (ἀπέσταλκεν αὕτη τὸν οἰκεῖον τῆ βασιλεία μου κὺρ Νικὴτα τὸν Πεδιάσιμον ὡς φιλαλήθη εἰς τὴν Θεσσαλονίκην). Niketas completed the task and reported to the despot that the land was an eternal property of the Zographu Monastery (Ταῦτα ἐπανελθόντος εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν μου τοῦ οἰκείου ταύτη κὺρ Νικήτα τοῦ Πεδιασίμου καὶ ἀναγγείλαντος ταύτη, διορίζεται ἡ βασιλεία μου διὰ τοῦ παρόντος δικαιωτηρίου αὐτῆς ὁρισμοῦ, χρυσοβούλλου δύναμιν ἔχοντος, ἔχειν τὴν τοῦ Ζωγράφου σεβασμίαν μονὴν πᾶσαν τὴν ἐν τῶ Ἱερισσῶ γῆν). He delivered the horismos, which was issued by the despot in February 1369 on this occasion, to the monks of the Zographou Monastery (καὶ ὁ παρὼν ὁρισμὸς τὴς βασιλείας μου, χρυσοβούλλου δύναμιν ἔχων, ἀποσταλέντος παρὰ ταύτης σὺν αὐτῶ, ὡς ὀτρόκου, τοῦ ῥηθέντος οἰκείου τῆ βασιλεία μου κὺρ Νικήτα τοῦ Πεδιασίμου, ἐφ ὧ παραδοῦναι τὴν ῥεθεῖσαν γῆν τῆς νῦν ἐν Ἱερισσῶ πρὸς τοὺς Ζωγραφίτας).