Beyond East and West: Sacred Landscapes Duklja and Raška

Properties
ID 117730
System Class
Literature
Abramić 1932 , Abramović 2011/2012 , Aleksev 2001 , Ammann 1942 , Anichini 1941 , Antonović 2003 , Antunović 2020 , Aronberg Lavin 1990 , Assemani 1755 , Atanasovski 2016 , Aćimović 2019 , Babić (Gordana) 1965 , Babić (Gordana) 1981 , Babić (Gordana) 1987 , Babić (Kristina) 2015 , Babić (Valentina) 2015 , Babić 1995 , Babić-Djordjević 1975 , Babić-Djordjević 1997 , Babić/Korać/Ćirković 1986 , Barišić 1978 , Belamarić 1986/1987 , Belamarić 1997 , Belamarić/Domančić/Bužančić/Jeličić-Radonić 1994 , Beritić 1960 , Bertelli 2004 , Bezić 1960 , Bešlagić 1971 , Bešlagić 1982 , Bikić 2010 , Bikić 2016 , Bjelovučić 1928 , Blagojević 2001 , Bogdanović 1970 , Bogdanović 1980 , Bogdanović 1986 , Bogdanović 2011a , Bogdanović 2016 , Bogosavljević Nikodim 2010 , Bojanovski 1988 , Bojović 2007 , Borozan 1999 , Bosselmann-Ruickbie 2011 , Bošković 1931a , Bošković 1931b , Bošković 1932 , Bošković 1933/1934 , Bošković 1955-1956 , Bošković 1962 , Bošković 1980 , Bošković 1988 , Bošković/Korać 1956/1957 , Bošković/Mijović/Kovačević 1981 , Bošković/Petković 1941 , Božić 1976 , Božić 1979 , Branislav Živković, Otkrivanje živopisa u crkvi sv. 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2001 , Fisković 2009 , Fisković 2009 , Foretić 1940 , Foretić 1952 , Frolow 1961 , Fučić 2007 , Gabričević 1958 , Gagro 2011 , Gamulin 1983 , Garton 1984 , Gelcich 1880 , Gelichi et al. 2006 , Gergova 2007 , Gjivanović 1929 , Gjurašin 2000 , Glavaš 1982 , Glavina 1970 , Glavina 1989 , Gojko Subotić, Kraljica Jelena Anžujska - ktitor crkvenih spomenika u Primorju, in: Istorijski glasnik 2-1 (1958) 131-147. , Goss 1987 , Grabar 1928 , Grozdanov 2015 , Grujić 1928/1930 , Grujić 1931 , Grujić 1936 , Gudelj 2005 , Gunjača 1956 , Gušić 1930 , Gušić/Fisković 1958 , Hadermann-Misguich 1975 , Harisijadis 1962 , Harisijadis 1963/1965 , Homza 2021 , Honigmann 1939 , Ivanović 1961 , Ivanović 1984 , Iveković 1933 , Ivić/Grković 1976 , Jackson 1887 , Jakšić 1999 , Jakšić 2003 , Jakšić 2009 , Jakšić 2013 , Janeković-Römer 2019 , Janković 2002 , Janković 2006 , Janković 2007 , Janković 2010 , Janković/Živković/Simonović/Ćapin 1998 , Jeličić/Nikšić 1980/81 , Jelovina 1999 , Jevtić 1987 , Jovanović 1961 , Jovanović 1986 , Jovanović 1988 , Jovanović-Marković 1986 , Jovanović-Stipčević 2005 , Jović 2015 , Jovović 2013 , Jurić 1992 , Jurić 1996 , Jurković 1983 , Jurković 1984 , Jurković 1985 , Jurković 1986 , Jurković 1987 , Jurković 1988 , Jurković 1997 , Jurković 2000 , Kajmaković 1971 , Kalić 1979 , Kalić 1981 , Kalić 2017 , Kalić/Djurić 2002 , Kandić 1978 , Kandić 2005 , Kandić 2015 , Kandić, Olivera, Manastir Gradac (Beograd 1982) , Kapetanić/Žagar 2001 , Karaiskaj 2010 , Karaman 1928 , Karaman 1929 , Karaman 1949 , Karaman 1952 , Karaman 1955 , Karaman 1960 , Kašanin 1969 , Kirigin 1973 , Klaić 1967 , Klaić/Petricioli 1976 , Komatina 2016 , Koprivica 2015b , KoprivicaT 2011 , Korać 1953 , Korać 1956 , Korać 1958/1959 , Korać 1961 , Korać 1963 , Korać 1965 , Korać 1967 , Korać 1970 , Korać 1975 , Korać 1976a , Korać 1976b , Korać 1987a , Korać 1987b , Korać 1988 , Korać 1997a , Korać 1997b , Korać 1999-2000 , Korać 2001a , Korać 2001b , Korać 2007 , Korać 2008 , Korać/Kovačević 1970 , Korać/Šuput 1998 , Kostić 1930 , Kostić/Živković 2016 , Kovačević 1949 , Kovačević 1956 , Kovačević 1964 , Kovačević 1964 , Kovačević 1965/1966 , Kovačević 1967 , Kovačević 1973 , Kovačević 1986 , Kovačević/Pušić 1959 , Kovačić 2010 , Kovijanić 1962 , Krasić 1885 , Krumbarcher 1907 , Kunstmann 1989 , Könighaus 2022 , Ladišić 2012 , Ladjević 1961 , Lalošević 2016 , Leonid 1877 , Lidov 2007 , Lisičar 1931 , Lisičar 1932 , Lisičar 1935 , Ljubinković 1958/1959 , Ljubinković 1959 , Ljubinković 1961 , Ljubinković 1963 , Ljubinković 1964 , Ljubinković 1967 , Ljubić 1874 , Loma 1987 , Loma 1989 , Loma 1990 , Loma 1993 , Loma 1996 , Lončar 2006 , Luccari 1605 , Lupis 2000 , Lupis 2001 , Lutovac 2010a , Lutovac 2010b , Lutovac 2011 , Lučić 1961 , Lučić 1962 , Lučić 1966 , Lučić 1969 , Lučić 1970 , Lučić 1973 , Lučić 1986 , Machrov 1908 , Maglovski 1984 , Maglovski 1998 , Maksimović (Jovanka) 1986 , Maksimović 1964 , Maksimović 1970 , Maksimović 1971 , Maksimović 1972 , Maksimović 1975 , Maksimović 1980 , Maksimović 1988b , Maksimović-Stojanović 1951 , Maksimović-Stojanović 1956 , Maksimović/Vukašinović 2016 , Malbaša 2003 , Mandić 1975 , Mango 1976 , Mansi 1759-1798 , Maraković 2009 , Marasović 1960 , Marasović 1960a , Marasović 1960b , Marasović 1963 , Marasović 1978 , Marasović 1978 , Marasović 1984 , Marasović 1988 , Marasović 1989a , Marasović 1990 , Marasović 1994 , Marasović 1997 , Marasović 2001/2002 , Marasović 2005 , Marasović 2013 , Marasović/Marasović 2009 , Marconi 1936 , Marinković 2007 , Marjanović-Dušanić/Vojvodić 2016 , Marković 1920 , Marković 1969 , Marković 2004 , Marković 2004a , Marković 2004b , Marković 2006 , Marković 2006/2007 , Marković 2007 , Marković 2012 , Marković 2015 , Marković 2016a , Marković 2016b , Marković 2016c , Marković 2017a , Marković 2019a , Marković 2019b , Marković, Vojvodić 2021 , Martinović 1966 , Martinović 1990a , Martinović 1990b , Martinović 1992 , Martinović 1995 , Martinović 2016 , Martinović/Plociennik/Starzynski 2016 , Marun 1927 , Matijević Sokol 2007 , Matulić/Borovac 2000 , Mayer 1951 , Mayer 1981 , Medaković 1971 , Medaković 1987 , Menalo 2003 , Menalo 2006 , Menalo 2009 , Menalo 2011 , Menalo 2011 , Mesesnel 1938 , Mihailović 1986 , Mijović 1962/1963 , Mijović 1970 , Mijović 1970 , Mijović 1974 , Mijović 1978 , Mijović 1980 , Mijović 1985 , Mijović 1996 , Mijović/Kovačević 1975 , Milanović 1991 , Milanović 2006 , Milanović 2013 , Milanović 2018 , Miletić 1984 , Mileusnić 2004a , Mileusnić 2004b , Milinković 1997 , Miljković 1999/2000 , Millet 1919 , Milović 1990 , Milošević 1979 , Milošević 1990 , Milošević 1990 , Milošević 1999b , Milošević 2000 , Milošević 2005 , Milutinović/Valtrović 1880 , Mirić 2008 , Mirković 1937 , Mirković 1950 , Mirković 1951 , Mirković 1963 , Miroslavljevo jevandjelje , Mitrović 2015 , Mićević-Djurić 2016a , Mićević-Djurić 2016b , Mišković 2018 , Mohorovičić 1960 , Mošin 1950 , Mošin 1957 , Mrdjenović/Topalović/Radosavljević 2002 , Nagorni 1978 , Nakićenović 1913 , Nemirovski 1997/1999 , Nenadović 1956 , Nenadović 1963 , Nenadović 1980 , Nešković 1984 , Nešković 1961 , Nešković 1963 , Nešković 1965-1966 , Nešković 1968 , Nešković 2003/2004 , Nikolić 1970 , Nikolić/Orbović 1992 , Nodilo 2011 , Oreb 1983 , Ostojić 1962 , Ostojić 1964 , Pallas 1971 , Paluzzi 1963 , Panić/Babić 1975 , Pavlović 2009 , Pavlović 2012a , Pavlović 2012b , Pavlović 2016b , Pejić 2012 , Pejić 2015 , Pejić/Milić 1998 , Pejić/Milić 2007 , Pejović 1995 , Peković 1991 , Peković 1994 , Peković 1995 , Peković 2002 , Peković 2008 , Peković 2010a , Peković 2010b , Peković 2012 , Peković/Babić 2017 , Peković/Babić 2018 , Peković/Violić/Brajanov 2005 , Peković/Žile 1998 , Peković/Žile 1999 , Petković 1907 , Petković 1908 , Petković 1909 , Petković 1911a , Petković 1911b , Petković 1965 , Petković 1978 , Petković 1981 , Petković 1982/1983 , Petković 1985 , Petković 1986 , Petković 1989 , Petković 1995/1996 , Petricioli 1960 , Petricioli 1963 , Petricioli 1963b , Petricioli 1980 , Petricioli 1995 , Petrić 1989 , Petrovitch 2015 , Pešić/Milošević-Đorđević 1996 , Pilar 2007 , Piplović 1977 , Popović (Danica) 2000 , Popović (Danica) 2002 , Popović (Danica) 2004 , Popović (Danica) 2006a , Popović (Danica) 2006b , Popović (Danica) 2012 , Popović (Danica) 2016a , Popović (Danica) 2016b , Popović (Danica) 2016c , Popović (Danica) 2018 , Popović (Danica)/Popović (Marko) 1998 , Popović (Danica)/Popović (Marko) 2004 , Popović (Danica)/Popović (Marko) 2020 , Popović (Marko) 1969 , Popović (Marko) 1973a , Popović (Marko) 1973b , Popović (Marko) 2016 , Popović (Marko) 2016b , Popović (Miroslav) 2010 , Popović (Pera) 1926/1927 , Popović (Svetlana) 2000 , Popović (Svetlana) 2001 , Posedel 1952 , Praničević Borovac 2002 , Praštalo 2003 , Preradović 2002 , Preradović 2011 , Preradović 2011 , Preradović 2016a , Preradović 2016b , Preradović-Petrović 2002 , Preradović/Milanović 2016 , Presel 2010 , Prolović 1988 , Prolović 2016 , Prolović 2016b , Pucko 1985 , Pucko 1986 , Pucko 1987 , Puhiera 1956 , Purković 1938a , Purković 1939/40 , Putanec 1963 , Pušić 1969 , Pušić 1969 , Pušić 1971 , Pušić 1977 , Pušić 1978 , Pušić 1986 , Pušić 2006 , Radić 1887 , Radić 1896 , Radić 1898 , Radić 1903 , Radić 1904 , Radojković 1960/1961 , Radojković 1969 , Radojković 1977 , Radojčić 1934 (1997) , Radojčić 1946 , Radojčić 1950 , Radojčić 1958 , Radojčić 1959 , Radojčić 1960 , Radojčić 1963 , Radujko 2011 , Radujko 2016 , Rajić/Timotijević 2004 , Rakić 2016b , Rakocija 1990/1991 , Ranković 2004/2005 , Rapanić 1963 , Rapanić 1981 , Ratković 2013 , Ratkovčić 2017 , Regan/Nadilo 2006a , Regan/Nadilo 2006c , Regan/Nadilo 2006d , Regan/Nadilo 2006e , Regan/Nadilo 2006f , Regan/Nadilo 2006g , Regan/Nadilo 2006h , Regan/Nadilo 2006i , Regan/Nadilo 2006j , Regan/Nadilo 2006k , Regan/Nadilo 2007a , Regan/Nadilo 2007b , Regan/Nadilo 2007c , Regan/Nadilo 2007d , Regan/Nadilo 2007e , Regan/Nadilo 2007f , Regan/Nadilo 2008a , Regan/Nadilo 2008b , Regan/Nadilo 2008c , Regan/Nadilo 2009 , Regan/Nadilo 2009a , Regan/Nadilo 2009b , Regan/Nadilo 2009c , Regan/Nadilo 2009d , Regan/Nadilo 2009e , Regan/Nadilo 2009f , Regan/Nadilo 2009h , Regan/Nadilo 2010a , ReganNadilo 2010a , Riznica 2013 , Sašel/Alexandrov/Chevallier 1976 , Sekulić-Grozdanović 1978 , Sinkević 2014 , Skovran 1972 , Smirnov 1927 , Smičiklas 1911 , Spier 2013 , Srša 2010 , Stanković 2016 , Starodubcev 2016a , Starodubcev 2016b , Starodubcev 2017 , Stevović 1990 , Stevović 1996 , Stevović 1998/1999 , Stevović 2011 , Stevović 2014 , Stevović 2016 , Stevović 2016 , Sticotti 1913 , Stjepčević 1926 , Stjepčević 1930 , Stjepčević 1938 , Stjepčević 1941 , Stojanović 1903 , Stošić 1998 , Stratimirović 1895 , Subotić 1960 , Subotić 1968 , Subotić 1984a , Subotić 1984b , Subotić 1987b , Subotić 1988b , Subotić 1997 , Subotić 2000 , Tasić 1962/1963 , Tatić-Djurić 1967 , Tatić-Djurić 1984 , Tihić/Basler 1957 , Tihomirov 1962 , Todić 1986 , Todić 1989 , Todić 1990/1991 , Todić 1991 , Todić 1993 , Todić 1997 , Todić 1998 , Todić 2000 , Todić 2002a , Todić 2002b , Todić 2006 , Todić 2007 , Todić 2008a , Todić 2011a , Todić 2011c , Todić 2011d , Todić 2012 , Todić 2016a , Todić 2016b , Todić 2016c , Todić/Popović 2006 , Todić/Čanak-Medić 2005 , Tomas 2011 , Tomas 2012 , Tomas 2016a , Tomas 2016b , Tomas 2021 , Tomasović 2006 , Tomasović 2014 , Tomin 2014 , Tomić 2009 , Tomić Djurić 2016a , Topić/Radić/Rajić/Šikanjić/Ilkić 2019 , Trifunović 2001 , Trigunović 2004 , Trijić 2016 , Ubiparip 2001 , Ubiparip 2016 , Uglešić 2002 , Vasić 1922 , Vasić 1928 , Vego 1961 , Vego 1964 , Vego 1969 , Vežić 1994 , Vežić 2002a , Vežić 2002b , Vežić 2012 , Vežić/Lončar 2009 , Vinski 1986 , Vlahović 1937 , Vlašić 1956 , Vojvodić 1996 , Vojvodić 2002 , Vojvodić 2005 , Vojvodić 2006a , Vojvodić 2006b , Vojvodić 2007 , Vojvodić 2009 , Vojvodić 2010a , Vojvodić 2011a , Vojvodić 2011b , Vojvodić 2011c , Vojvodić 2012a , Vojvodić 2012b , Vojvodić 2013a , Vojvodić 2013b , Vojvodić 2014 , Vojvodić 2015 , Vojvodić 2016b , Vojvodić 2016c , Vojvodić 2016d , Vojvodić 2016e , Vojvodić 2016f , Vojvodić 2016f , Vojvodić 2019a , Vojvodić 2019b , Vojvodić/Marković 2017 , Volbach 1941 , Vrana 1967 , Vujičić 1985 , Vujičić 1995a , Vujičić 1995b , Vujičić 1999 , Vujičić 1999 , Vujičić 2007 , Vulović 1956 , Vulović 1957 , Walker Vadillo 2013 , Zagarčanin 2005 , Zagarčanin 2015 , Zagarčanin 2015b , Zagarčanin 2015c , Zagarčanin 2016 , Zagarčanin 2016b , Zagarčanin 2018 , Zarić 1998 , Zdravković 1960 , Zdravković 1963 , Zekan 1980 , Zekan 2000 , Zeković/Stanojević 1986 , Zelić 2014 , Zelić-Bučan 1976 , Zečević 1987 , Zindel et al. 2018 , Zornija 2016 , d'Amiko 2016 , Ćirković 2000b , Ćirković 2004j , Ćirković 2007r , Ćirković 2009e , Ćorović 1925 , Ćorović 1932 , Ćorović-Ljubinković 1952/1953 , Ćorović-Ljubinković 1961 , Ćorović-Ljubinković 1968/1969 , Ćorović-Ljubinković 1969 , Ćurčić 1986 , Ćurčić 1988 , Ćurčić 1991 , Ćurčić 2016 , Čanak-Medić 1981 , Čanak-Medić 1982 , Čanak-Medić 1984 , Čanak-Medić 1985 , Čanak-Medić 1985 , Čanak-Medić 1989 , Čanak-Medić 1992 , Čanak-Medić 1997a , Čanak-Medić 1997b , Čanak-Medić 2000 , Čanak-Medić 2000 , Čanak-Medić 2006 , Čanak-Medić 2007 , Čanak-Medić 2009 , Čanak-Medić 2011 , Čanak-Medić 2016a , Čanak-Medić 2016b , Čanak-Medić, Todić 2013 , Čanak-Medić/Bošković 1986 , Čanak-Medić/Kandić 1995 , Čanak-Medić/Popović/Vojvodić 2014 , Čanak-Medić/Todić 1999 , Čanak-Medić/Todić 2007 , Čanak-Medić/Todić 2011 , Čanak-Medić/Todić 2014 , Čanak-Medić/Čubrović 2010 , Čremošnik 1932 , Čremošnik 1953 , Čubrović 1983/1984 , Čubrović 1993/1994 , Čubrović 1997 , Čubrović 2000 , Čubrović 2008 , Čubrović 2009 , Čunčić 2009 , Čunčić/Perkić 2009 , Đurić 1975c , Đurić 1987b , Đurić/Ivanišević 1961 , Šakota 1984 , Šeper 1955 , Šerović 1925 , Šerović 1956 , Šerović 1965/1966 , Škrivanić 1959 , Šoć 2007 , Špadijer 2014 , Špadijer/Todić 2016 , Štavljanin 1976 , Štavljanin-Djordjević/Grozdanović-Pajić/Cernić 1986 , Šufflay 1924 , Šuica 2003 , Šuica 2011c , Šulić 2016 , Šuput 1970 , Šuput 1977 , Šuput 1984 , Šuput 1988 , Šuput 2000 , Šuput 2003 , Šuput 2004 , Žile 1986 , Žile 1988 , Žile 1991 , Žile 1995 , Žile 1996 , Žile 1996a , Žile 1996b , Žile 2001 , Žile 2002 , Žile 2003 , Živković (Miloš) 2016 , Živković (Valentina) 2016 , Živković 1985 , Živković 1989 , Živković 1999 , Živković 2006 , Živković 2014 , Živković 2015 , Срезневский 1867 , Стасовъ 1887

Relations

Artifacts (48)
Name Class Description
Altar (Parts), Ston, Church of the Virgin of Lužina Artifact The inscription on the fragment of the altar screen, found near the church, reads "...ORE SCE... as (IN HON)ORE SANCTAE (MARIAE?)" and is dated probably to the beginning of the 9th century, while some scholars are discussing another origin from the church of the beginning of the 12th century. It is decorated with floral and geometric design with twelve three-way interlaced circles, inside which there are eight-leaf rosettes. The empty space is filled with seven-leaf palmettes. Stylistically it has been connected to pre-Romanesque style. Parts of the lintel as well as liturgical furniture are also preserved.
Belgrade Prophetologion Artifact The Belgrade Prophetologion (Narodna biblioteka Srbije Rs 652) is the oldest surviving Serbian copy of the prophetologion and dates back to the first quarter of the 13th century. Written on parchment, the manuscript stands out for the beauty of the written letters and the peculiar initials that adorn it. Most of the initials are made of geometric or floral-geometric interweaving, to which imaginative or realistic animals are sometimes added. The initial O on l stands out on fol. 58v, which is in the form of the head of Christ Emmanuel. The eclectically conceived initials show the influence of Oriental models and Romanesque elements that reached the Serbian lands via an indirect route, mostly through Southern Italy. The manuscript comes from Ras and is kept today in the National Library of Serbia. Actually, it came to the National Library from Skopje and disappeared during the evacuation which occurred at the beginning of the First World War. In 1969 the manuscript was found in Germany and returned to Serbia.
Bratko's Menaion Artifact Bratko's Menaion, a collection of liturgical hymn compositions for the entire church year, is a convolute, created during the second quarter of the 13th century (between 1234 and 1243) and the first half of the 14th century. The manuscript is named after the scribe of the first part of the book dated to the 13th century - presbyter Bratko. More than ten scribal hands were recognised in the copy, and the names of two more copyists - Nikola and Radoslav - were recorded. The illumination of the manuscript consists of several intertwined headpieces and small initials. The manuscript is kept in the National Library of Serbia in Belgrade (Narodna biblioteka Srbije Rs 647). It was added to the old collection of manuscripts of the previous National Library in Belgrade (No. 212), where it arrived as a gift from Southern Serbia (from Banjane, today in the Republic of North Macedonia).
Bronze Icon from the Patriarchate of Peć Artifact The icon with the representation of the Virgin with the child Christ, of incongruous proportions, is probably the work of a provincial workshop. The gilded bronze icon of small dimensions (5.2 cm × 4.2 cm × 0.5 cm) was made for private use. It was stored in the cavity of the wall of the Church of the Holy Apostles in Peć, built and painted during the 13th century. Today, it is kept in the National Museum in Belgrade (no. 26_2261).
Capital, Dubrovnik, Church of St. Andrew in Pile Artifact In the sacristy of the Church of St. Andrew in Pile (Dubrovnik) is a well-preserved capital, which in the upper zone (abacus) is decorated with single-jointed hooks. The middle is made of smooth profiled leaves, and in the lower part there are three-jointed arcades from which a heart-shaped ivy flower emerges.
Church of St. Peter in Zavala, Altar Screen Artifact Among the sculptural remains found during the excavation of the Church of St. Peter in Zavala near Popovo Polje (in the vicinity of Trebinje), the altar screen deserves special attention. The preserved fragments are decorated with three-part ribbon ornaments, and the fragment with depictions of birds is particularly interesting. Most fragments have different geometrical ornaments and images of birds that symbolise the Eucharist. Most scholars date the altar screen to the 9th or 10th century. It is kept in the Museum of Hercegovina in Trebinje.
Ciborium from Kotor Artifact The original ciborium from the Church of St. Tryphon in Kotor dates back probably to the beginning of the 9th century. It was found in secondary use above the door leading to the sacristy of the cathedral. The ciborium is an excellent example of pre-Romanesque sculpture with characteristic interlacing and zoomorphic figures on its arcade, along with an inscription on three sides (the fourth side is considered to be the one built above one of the doors in the building of the neighbouring diocese and it doesn't contain any inscription). We have to emphasise that scholars disagree regarding the fragments of inscriptions, whether or not they belong to the same ciborium. Based on the inscription, some scholars dated this ciborium between 1169 and 1178 (also, L. Mirković believes that the inscription was engraved in the 11th century on a decorated plate of the 9th century). It was probably in the cathedral until the end of the 18th century or the beginning of the 19th century, when it was dismantled due to a reconstruction of the cathedral. Its parts were then built into the walls of the cathedral itself and other surrounding buildings. Also, various solutions of reading and interpretation have been proposed for the Saints mentioned in the inscription on the slab of the ciborium. The new ciborium of the Church of St. Tryphon in Kotor dates around 1362.
Ciborium from Ulcinj Artifact The ciborium from Ulcinj is one of the oldest (partially) preserved ciboriums. It dates back to the beginning of the 9th century. This ciborium stands out for its relief decoration with figural motifs made in the pre-Romanesque style. On the right is an image of a lion devouring a smaller animal, which on its part devours a bird, referring to the invocation of salvation (Psalm 21:22), and on the left is another lion represented above a palm tree. There is also a partially preserved inscription engraved along the frame of the ciborium. The frontal arcade of the ciborium was found in Ulcinj in 1937. The exact location of the find remains unknown. Then, it was transferred to the National Museum in Belgrade. Since then, it has been part of the permanent exhibition of medieval heritage. In 2005, another fragment belonging to the same structure was identified, allowing scholars to conclude that the ciborium had a rectangular structure and was probably positioned above the altar of the church. Apart from the names of the donors inscribed on the ciborium, namely of Gusma and her husband, the inscription mentions two Byzantine Emperors Leo and Constantine, identified as Leo V (reigned 813-820) and his son Constantine (reigned as co-emperor 813-820). This made it possible to date the ciborium and the church to the years 813-820.
Codex Marianus (Marijino četvorojevanđelje) Artifact The Codex Marianus, written in Glagolitic script on parchment, was created at the end of the 10th or the beginning of the 11th century. The manuscript is now kept in the Russian State Library in Moscow (Григ 6, Муз 1689, ф. 87). It is not possible to determine exactly where the manuscript was created (for some it is the Western Serbian regions, presumably Bosnia, others point to the territories near the border with the Republic of North Macedonia), but the latest research points in favour of the Southern Serbian lands, possibly Travunia. It was found on Mount Athos, where it probably arrived in the 14th century, and has been in Russia since 1845. Two folios are kept in the Austrian National Library. The Codex Marianus contains decoration made with pen and ink. It consists of intertwined headpieces and initials. Unusual portraits of the Evangelists, following Byzantine influence from the late 9th and the beginning of the 10th century, deserve special attention.
Epitaphios (burial shroud) of King Stefan Uroš II Milutin Artifact The burial shroud or epitaphios of King Milutin, from the Museum of Serbian Orthodox Church, is assumed to have been made for the Banjska Monastery, the Mausoleum of King Milutin. It is believed that this shroud (mound-shroud/burial sheet) was created in the first decades of the 14th century (or around 1300, or during the second decade of the 14th century, or immediately after the king's death in 1321). A representation of Christ, as if lying in his tomb, surrounded by angels and seraphims was made on red etles silk and velvet with gold and silver wire and silk threads. The inscription embroidered in the lower section of the shroud is in Slavonic stating that it was commissioned by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin: "Remember, O God, the soul of your servant Milutin Uroš. Probably the masters of this mantle were of Greek origin, it is even linked to Constantinople workshops, and it was certainly made according to Byzantine patterns. The shroud of King Milutin is kept in the Museum of Serbian Orthodox Church in Belgrade, no. 4660. Prior to reaching the Museum it was kept in the Krušedol Monastery.
Hvostan Epitaphios (Burial Shroud) Artifact The Hvostan epitaphios (burial shroud) is called after the Monastery of the Mother of God in Hvosno, 20km to the North-East of the Patriarchate of Peć. Unlike any other medieval epitaphios made with the embroidery technique, this epitaphios was made by using painter's colors. It is considered to be the work of Byzantine masters and dates back to the 14th century. During Ottoman times the shroud was hidden beneath the ruins of the Church of the Mother of God in Hvosno and was discovered in the 20th century. Today it is kept in the treasury of the Patriarchate of Peć.
Icon of the Saints Peter and Paul, Rome, Vatican Artifact The icon of the Saints Peter and Paul was a gift to the Basilica of Saint Peter in Rome by the Serbian Queen Jelena Anžujska (ca. 1230-1314, a nun at that time) and her sons Milutin and Dragutin probably after 1282. In the lower register of the icon, Jelena is represented with the Pope, while her sons Dragutin and Milutin are painted on the sides. It is known that Queen Jelena corresponded with Pope Nicholas IV (1288-1292), who was the head of the Roman Church at the beginning of the last decade of the 13th century. It is believed that it was during his pontificate that the icon was created and then sent to him as a present. A few decades after the arrival of the icon in Rome, there was a belief that it was actually an icon that Pope Sylvester I (314-335) had given to the Byzantine Emperor Constantine the Great (reigned 324-337) at the beginning of the 4th century. Conditioned by this belief, a second layer of painting was placed over it in the 16th century (in 1535) by Leonardo of Pistoia. Then the figure of Queen Jelena was replaced by the figure of Emperor Constantine, and the figures of the Serbian Kings Milutin and Dragutin were transformed into "Greek nobles". On this occasion, an icon frame was added. In 1941 Pimen Sofronov (1898/99-1973) restored the icon, when the younger layer from the 16th century was removed and the icon regained its appearance from the end of the 13th century. The icon is still kept today in the treasury of the the Basilica of Saint Peter in Rome.
Island of Mljet, Church of St. Mary, Sculptural Decoration Artifact The small number of preserved pieces of plastic within the Church of the Virgin Mary of the Benedictine monastery in Mljet probably adorned the portal of the chancel. The figures were made in the Romanesque style resembling the monuments of Apulia and date to the 12th century.
King Radoslav's Ring Artifact The engagement ring of the Serbian King Stefan Radoslav (reigned 1228-1233) was made in gold in 1219. On the "head" of this engagement ring an inscription in the Greek language, written in verse, is engraved, with which he addresses his wife Anna Angelina Komnene Doukaina, the daughter of the ruler of Epirus Theodore Komnenos Doukas. The ring was made in the Byzantine manner, probably in Thessalonica. The exceptionality of this ring is even greater, when one considers that this is the only preserved example that bears the names of members of the imperial and royal families in the act of engagement. Today, the ring is kept in the National Museum in Belgrade.
Kotor, Church of St. Mary (Collegiata), Fresco Painting Artifact After the devastating earthquakes in 1979 the Church of St. Mary (Collegiata) in Kotor was left damaged. Restoration works followed soon after, when frescoes were found in the dome, the apse, on the Southern and Western walls of the Western bay, indicating the early 14th century in terms of style and iconography. A fresco of Christ Pantocrator is partially preserved in the dome, the Crucifixion is partially preserved in the apse, while the best preserved scene is the one that begins the cycle of Christ's sufferings, which is Christ before Pilate, etc.
Kotor, Church of St. Mary (Collegiata), Remains of Sculptural Decoration of Pre-Romanesque Edifice Artifact Remains of sculptural decoration found in the lower layers of the altar apse and the sacristy of the Church of St. Mary (Collegiata) in Kotor, as well as the remains of church furniture, allow a certain reconstruction of the Early Christian basilica that was located on the site of the present-day church. The decoration consists mainly of floral and geometric motifs (interlacing). The remains of the altar architrave beam, which consists of a three-part braid and an inscription in Latin IN N(OMINE) D(OMI)NI ET S (ALVATORI)... (J)OHANNIS CVM CONIV(GE), were found. The name Ivan that is read in the inscription is probably the Bishop Ivan of Kotor with his wife. More parts of the inscription were found, but they were not preserved enough to allow an interpretation. Above the Early Christian baptistery a triangular pediment with an archivolt was found carved in local yellow limestone. The interweaving and motifs are similar to the motifs of Prince Ivan's inscription, whose tombstone was also excavated. The lintel with the Latin inscription above the Southern portal of the church also belongs to this group and states: IN NOMINE D(OMI)NI D(E)I SALVATORI NOSTRIS IHS XPI INTER ANTUBVUS PAX EXIENTIBUS SALVTE.
Kuti, Church of St. Thomas, Fresco Artifact The remains of frescoes found in the Church of St. Thomas in Kuti date back to the 11th century. Fragments of frescoes reveal several Saints' heads. They were probably made by Byzantine masters, as the similarity can be seen with the painting in the chapel and crypt of the Katholikon of the Monastery of St. Luke in Fokida (Hosios Loukas), but also with the remains of wall painting in the Dubrovnik Cathedral and in St. Nicholas in Koločep. Today, the found fragments are kept in the Regional Museum of Herceg Novi.
Kuti, Church of St. Thomas, Parapet Plate Artifact In the Church of St. Thomas in Kuti were representative carved stone altar parapets in former times, of which the entire parapet plate with the scene of Adoration of the Cross is the only one preserved. It is probably from the last third of the 11th century. The developed figural decoration is distinguished by two stylistic peculiarities - the pre-Romanesque motif of the cross filled with braids woven with a three-part strip, and on the other hand, the innovative shaping of figures and the abandonment of flatness. Today it is kept in the Regional Museum of Herceg Novi..
Martinići, Remains of Sculptural Decoration Artifact Fragments of low-relief sculpture with pre-Romanesque motifs of flowers, three-ribbon interlace, crosses, etc. covering the altar, the ciborium and column capitals were found in the Church of St. Archangel Michael in Martinići. All three naves of the church were decorated with liturgical furniture. The remains of the ciborium, placed above the altar, are similar to those found in Kotor and Ulcinj dated to the 9th century, with motifs of crosses, octagons, stars and oak and ivy leaves. It also shows a resemblance to the decoration found in Zachlumia and Terbounia, which led researchers to believe that masters working on the Adriatic Coast were also active in the heartland of the Balkans. The rood screen (chancel screen, cancellum) is still to be seen in situ (its bases) and numerous fragments decorated with various motifs of plaited plastic remained. The lower zone of the chancel screen of the middle nave had an inscription, of which fragments remain in Latin and Greek. The Greek text that was on the left side was reconstructed by Vojislav Korać (based on the opinion of Sotiris Kissas) in two variants: 1. +.Ο Θ (EO)C TH ΠΡΕC (BEIA).....E TON (Π)ETR(0N)I... 2. + Ο Θ (EO)C TH ΠΡΕC (BEIA)... (ΦYΛATT) E TON (Π)ETR(0N)I... The preserved part of the Latin inscription reads: + (MICH)AEL ET IOH(AN)E DIE.. ....ET GLORIA BEATO MIXAEL AR(CHANGELO):.. .....N.......LIN Remains of the plastic in Martinići are kept in the Regional Museum of Danilovgrad (Montenegro).
Miroslav's Gospel Artifact Miroslav's Gospel is the oldest Serbian Cyrillic manuscript and one of the most important Serbian medieval manuscripts. It was probably made for the liturgical needs of the Church of St. Peter in Bijelo Polje (in today's Montenegro) at the end of the 12th century (most likely between 1180 and 1187). The manuscript is named after its ktetor, Prince Miroslav of Hum (the brother of Stefan Nemanja), who is also the founder of the aforementioned Church of St. Peter. The content of the codex is based on the model from Saint Sophia in Constantinople, and the decoration, first of all the three hundred initials, exudes various Western influences - from Carolingian to Romanesque. It is believed that the illuminators came from Italy or Southern Dalmatia. Stylistically different is the miniature with the busts of the Evangelists at the beginning of the manuscript (folio 1v), whose iconographic patterns are seen in the manuscripts of the Christian Orient. It is possible that Miroslav's Gospel was created in some coastal scriptorium, as indicated by certain elements in the language and manner of decoration. It is assumed that it reached the Hilandar Monastery during the formation of its library. The Gospel was kept there until 1896, when the Hilandar brotherhood presented it to the Serbian King Aleksandar I Obrenović (reigned 1889-1903). Today it is kept in the National Museum in Belgrade (inv. no. 1536). Sheet 166 is preserved in the National Library of Russia in Saint Petersburg.
Monastery of Banjska, Sculpture of a Bird Artifact It cannot be determined with certainty, where the fragmentarily preserved part of the architectural sculptural decoration with the representation of a bird was located within the Church of St. Stephen in the Monastery of Banjska. The shape of the marble fragment suggests the possibility that it was part of an archivolt. Like the rest of the decoration, it is dated around 1315. Today it is kept in the National Museum in Belgrade (no. 26_2180).
Monastery of Banjska, Sculpture of the Virgin with Christ (the "Sokolica Virgin") Artifact The sculpture of the Virgin with Christ (called "Sokolica Virgin") comes from the Church of St. Stephen in the Monastery of Banjska near Zvečan. The church was built by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) between 1312 and 1316, when this marble sculpture was made in high relief. Initially, it was painted. The sculpture was placed in the lunette of the inner portal of the Church of St. Stephen, which was built according to the Church of the Virgin in the Monastery of Studenica. The "Sokolica Virgin" bears the characteristics of Romanesque sculptures that rarely adorned monuments in the region of Raška. The sculpture of the Virgin with Christ was found in 1920 in the church of the nearby Monastery of Sokolica, which is why it is called the "Sokolica Virgin". It is still kept in the Monastery of Sokolica.
Monastery of Cetinje, Epitrachelion of Saint Sava Artifact The epitrachelion of Saint Sava (ca. 1175-1236) is kept in the Treasury of the Monastery of Cetinje (Cetinjski manastir). It is dated to 1660 and is made of red silk, decorated with gold embroidery. The image of Christ Pantocrator is depicted in a medallion on top of the epitrachelion, while a decorative band is applied below, with stylised and decorative flowers. Lower, in a stylised vault with a Saracenic arch, are representations of the Annunciation, the Saint Archangel Gabriel and the Virgin Mary, with a spindle in her hand. Below this composition (in the same frames), the figures of ten Holy Fathers are arranged. At the ends of the epitrachelion is a decorative motif of an eight-sided rosette with a flower in the middle. In one of the medallions is an image of a double-headed eagle.
Monastery of Dečani, Coffin-Reliquary (Sarcophagus) with the Relics of the Saint King Stefan Dečanski Artifact The coffin-reliquary with the relics of the Saint Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski (reigned 1321-1331) in the Monastery of Dečani represents the only surviving and hence particularly valuable medieval Serbian coffin-reliquary (sarcophagus). Its carved geometric, floral and zoomorphic ornaments finished by painting and gilding evoke the heavenly abode the Saint dwells in. From the standpoint of function, it is undoubtedly an object of the highest rank. Its shape and location – raised on tall legs beneath the Saint King's fresco portrait at the side of the iconostasis – not only materialised the Saint’s presence, but also enabled all permitted forms of veneration. In addition to the usual "see and touch", the custom of lying or pulling oneself under the coffin was and still is believed to be particularly benedictory. The royal relics have been perfectly preserved and therefore remain the foci of veneration to this day.
Monastery of Dečani, Icons from the KatholiKon Artifact Four icons - Christ Pantocrator, the Holy Mother of God with the child Jesus, St. John the Baptist and St. Nicholas - adorned the middle part of the iconostasis of the Church of Christ Pantocrator in the Monastery of Dečani. The icons were made around 1343 and were in place until the end of the 16th century, when they were replaced by new ones (those will again be replaced in the fourth decade of the 20th century). The icons are the work of one of the painters who painted the Katholikon of the Monastery of Dečani. In addition to their exceptional artistic value, these icons are a rare, early example of icons that have been preserved in their original place.
Panik, Frescoes Artifact Fragments of frescoes were found during the research of the church in Panik. In question are fragments of heads of Saints with inscriptions in Greek, which could have been done by Byzantine masters. They are probably dated to the 12th century. Today, these fragments of frescoes are kept in the National Museum in Sarajevo.
Paraenesis of Ephrem the Syrian Artifact This is one of the oldest Serbian copies of the Paraenesis (" exhortation, advice"). Based on one of the records, it is known that the manuscript was written in 1337 by order of the first abbot of the Monastery of Dečani. The parchment manuscript is decorated with two headpieces and a large number of initials. In 1860 Serafim Ristić, an archimandrite from the Monastery of Dečani, gave it to the Society of Serbian Literature (today's Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts), in whose archives it is still kept under no. 60. Four folios are preserved in the National Library of Russia in Saint Petersburg (Гильф. 77).
Relic of the Head of Saint Gregory, Now Lost Artifact In the written account of the Grand Župan Desa of Raška (reigned 1144-1165) the reliquary with a cross and enamelled decoration for the head of Saint Gregory is mentioned, and "duo saculi cum reliquiis, qui portantur ad gulam".
Reliquary of the Holy Cross, Hilandar Monastery Artifact The Reliquary was most likely of Constantinople provenance and dated to the 13th century. The precious relic was donated to the Hilandar Monastery by St. Sava. A stavrotheque with a Holy Cross is still kept there today.
Reliquary of the Serbian Queen Jelena Anžujska, Now Lost Artifact According to written accounts, the Serbian Queen Jelena Anžujska (ca. 1230-1314) donated a Staurotheke to the Monastery of Sopoćani. The richly bejewelled reliquary in the form of a cross enshrined five pieces of the Holy Rood and is now lost.
Reliquary with the Relic of Saint John the Forerunner’s Right Arm, the Chapel of Saint John the Baptist in Siena Cathedral Artifact The reliquary with the relic of Saint John the Forerunner’s right arm is today kept in the crypt of the Chapel of St John the Baptist in the Cathedral of Siena. The foundation charter of the Monastery of Žiča shows that the Serbian King Stefan Prvovenčani (reigned 1196-1227) and his son, the later Serbian King Stefan Radoslav (reigned 1228-1233), bestowed some of the most highly venerated Christian relics upon it, among which is the above-mentioned relic with the ultimate purpose to transfer the image of the Holy Land to Serbia, and in that way secure sacral legitimacy for the young kingdom. Later, in 1464 the Despot of Morea Thomas Palaiologos brought it with him to Siena, along with some other precious possessions, and turned it over to Pope Pius II (1458-1464) in exchange for a remarkable recompense. The relic consists of the embalmed, excellently preserved forearm and hand. The original cylindrical silver-gilt reliquary, clearly distinguishable from the later 15th century one, is decorated with filigree ornaments, gemstones and rows of pearls. In terms of style and craftsmanship, it finds closest analogies in the work of Byzantine goldsmiths of the 10th to 12th centuries.The waist-length portrait of Saint John the Baptist incised in the middle of its domical lid is encircled by the donor’s prayerful inscription: The Forerunner’s right arm. Protect me, Sava, Serbian Archbishop. Based on analogies from the Byzantine world, it seems very likely that the relic was used on important state and church occasions. The relic enjoys the status of a highly venerated cult object ever since.
Remains of Sculptural Decoration (Pilasters/Altar Screen) Artifact On the preserved slab, which may have been part of the altar screen, a cross with extended ends is carved in shallow relief. Its lower arm rests directly on a three-bar circle, which is intersected by rounded three-bar ribbons, and in the axis of the composition is a multi-petalled flower. Three-pronged ribbons on the sides of the cross end with lilies. The upper decorative zone is also decorated with lilies, shaped at the end of two-bar ribbons. There is a similar motif on the pilaster with a cross whose lower end develops into a circle filled with ivy leaves.
Ring of Stefan Konstantin Nemanjić Artifact The seal ring of Stefan Konstantin Nemanjić is a gold ring with a representation of a double-headed eagle, discovered in a tomb of the Church of Saint Stephen in Banjska. According to the latest research, it is believed to have belonged to Konstantin, the younger son of the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) and the brother of the Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski (reigned 1321-1331). The ring dates back to 1322, when Constantine tragically died under unknown circumstances. This seal ring has a decoration visible in three segments: on the head a double-headed eagle, around the neck an Old Serbian inscription "Ко га носи помози му Бог" ("May God help whoever wears it") and then a decoration along the ring. The skill of the work testifies to a goldsmith who worked in a Romano-Gothic artisan milieu, possibly in Italy. The ring is kept in the National Museum in Belgrade (no. 26_342).
Rogačići, Archivolt Artifact The preserved archivolt of the ciborium in Rogačići was made in the pre-Romanesque style. Although dated to the 11th century (in earlier literature even dated to the 12th century), the possibility that it was created in an earlier time cannot be ruled out. Fragments of the archivolt were found during the excavation of the six-leafed church in Rogačići, and today they are kept in the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo.
Staurotheke of Saint Sava of Serbia, Diocesan Museum in Pienza Artifact The staurotheke of Saint Sava of Serbia is today kept in the Diocesan Museum in Pienza. Along with the Forerunner's arm (now in the Chapel of Saint John the Baptist in Siena Cathedral), the Despot of Morea Thomas Palaiologos gave it to Pope Pius II (1458-1464), who then donated it to Pienza. The silver-gilt reliquary has the shape of a double-arm cross and is richly decorated with filigree, pearls and precious stones. The relic of the True Cross can be viewed through two cruciform apertures sheltered by rock crystal. Apart from exquisite craftsmanship the staurotheke carries a rather complex symbolism, common in this type of objects. Its handle bears a calligraphic repoussé inscription: "Sava, the first Serbian archbishop and patriarch". The reliquary replaced an older one and has been reliably dated to the last quarter of the 14th century by style and workmanship, as well as by the title "patriarch" attributed to Saint Sava of Serbia, which reflects the state of affairs after 1375, when the dispute between the Serbian and Byzantine churches caused by the former's elevation to the rank of patriarchate was settled.
Staurotheke of the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin Artifact The staurotheke of the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) is kept in the Dominican Monastery in Dubrovnik, Croatia. It has the form of a double cross of sheet silver with twisted rosettes at the ends of the arms and the donor's inscription engraved on the front and back of the handle. The important inscription states that the reliquary was commissioned by King Milutin and Bishop Gregory II of Raška for the church of the Saints Peter and Paul in Ras. It also contains the donors' prayer for the forgiveness of sins, sanction for whoever should dare harm the church or the Holy Rood, and verses about the protective powers of the True Cross.
Ston, Church of Saint Archangel Michael, Frescoes Artifact The wall paintings have been partially preserved on the side walls and in the apse, while smaller fragments were discovered on the vault of the Eastern aisle. In the niche of the Western bay, there is a figure of a ruler with a crown and a model of the church (in Ston) in his hand. It is the most famous fresco which allowed the dating of the church (along with the inscription on the lintel). On the opposite, Southern side, is an image of Saint George, with a sword and a shield in his hand, next to which the inscription (GE)O(R)GIVS is to be found. Above the ruler, only the lower parts of two figures have been preserved, one in a ceremonial robe and the other unclothed and shackled in a humble position. Both are directed towards the West, so it is assumed that it is an image of a sinner and on the Western wall was a scene of the Last Judgment. Some scholars date the frescoes between 1051 and 1081, while others suggest an earlier date (the first half of the 11th century). In recent times, the frescoes have been associated with close examples of Ottonian book illumination and wall painting or Regensburg illuminations from the end of the 10th century (BamStbib, Msc. Lit. 142, f 4v). Nevertheless, the closest analogies are to be found in Byzantine painting of the first half and/or middle of the 11th century in the Southern Italian region of Apulia (such as in the Church of Santa Marina in Muro Leccese or in the crypt near Grottaglia, Gravina di Riggio).
Ston, Church of Saint Archangel Michael, Relief Decoration Artifact In the Church of Saint Archangel Michael in Ston several original pieces of architectural decoration and church furnishing, dated to the 11th century, have been preserved. All openings of the Early Medieval building, that have been preserved, indicate the pre-Romanesque bas-relief style of their frames and the Early Medieval frescoes in the interior, which harmonise the composition with the arrangement of the windows. The relief decoration was made in the pre-Romanesque style (some of the researchers like Jurković and Tomas recognise two chronological layers of the sculpture). The lintel, used in a secondary function as a tombstone, is decorated with three crosses, connected to each other by a two-bar braid. The upper field has an inscription, which has been interpreted and dated differently in historiography. B. Gabričević recognised the verse in the inscription as follows: (ARCHANGELUS) MICHAELUS FORTITER SUPER SECO PACIFICOQUE OMNES ROMANOS Among the fragments of liturgical furniture the remains of the altar screen and ciborium can be recognised.
Studenica, Church of the Holy Mother of God, Altar Trifora Artifact The trifora of the altar apse of the Church of the Holy Mother of God in the Monastery of Studenica is made of marble and dated around 1190. Rich plastic decoration is found in the lunette, window frame and window sill in the form of relief, which the console supports in the form of two almost free-standing figures/statues (actually made in high relief). The altar trifora of the katholikon of Studenica is characterised by stylistic similarities with monuments of Italian Romanesque sculpture. It is interesting to note that the trifora from the Monastery of Dečani is made entirely like the trifora from this Monastery.
Studenica, Church of the Holy Mother of God, Consoles Artifact The consoles of the arcade frieze of the Southern façade of the katholikon of Studenica were made from marble around 1190, at the time of the erection of the Church of the Holy Mother of God. The consoles are decorated with motifs of human and animal heads. The sculpture in Studenica has models in Romanesque art.
Studenica, Church of the Holy Mother of God, Transenna Artifact The lead transenna on the central window of the Northern wall of the under-dome area of the Church of the Holy Mother of God in the Monastery of Studenica is the only preserved example of such a decorated window opening in Serbian medieval art. This transenna is contemporary with the construction of the katholikon of Studenica and is dated around 1190. The lead window sash was filled with colored glass in the larger gaps, and the decoration consists of ten medallions (once probably 12). In the center of each field there is a figural representation, whose outlines are made with a series of densely drilled holes. Various motifs, such as floral motifs and representations of realistic and fantastic animals facing the center of the plate, decorated the transenna. Eight preserved fields have depictions of animals and only two have rosettes. The window frame was restored, so it is possible that certain fields were given a place that did not originally belong to them.
Sušćepan, Church of St. Stephen, Parapet Plates Artifact In the Church of St. Stephen in Sušćepan two parapet plates, decorated in the pre-Romanesque style, were found. Each is divided into two square surfaces, framed by a border covered by braids of three-part strips. A griffin is represented on the upper surface of both plates, while a stylised floral ornament is placed below. These marble slabs date back to the 11th century and were then part of the iconostasis. Today, younger buildings were built (adjacent) to the wall in the same place.
The Book of Gospels of Divoš Tihoradić Artifact The Book of Gospels of Divoš Tihoradić (Дивошево јеванђеље) was discovered in the year 1960 in the monastery church of St. Nicholas in Podvrh in the Bijelo Polje county. Its origin is dated to the first decades of the 14th century and was commissioned by the Serbian nobleman Divoš Tihoradić.
The Kumanica Gospel (the Tetraevangelion from Kumanica) Artifact The Kumanica Gospel is a manuscript from the 16th century, in which four miniatures with portraits of the Evangelists, dated to the 14th century, have been inserted. These author's portraits of the Evangelists are considered to be the most beautiful examples of the Early Palaiologan style in the Serbian medieval manuscript decoration. The miniatures are dated to the first half of the 14th century. The Kumanica Gospel are kept in the Archive of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Belgrade (no. 69).
The Prizren Gospel Artifact The Prizren Gospel, written on parchment, in the Serbian recension of Old Church Slavonic, was most probably created in the last decades of the 13th century. It was purchased from Hadji Jordan from Skopje around 1880, in the village of Bitinja in the Sirinić area, in the then district of the town of Prizren, after which it was named. It was kept under the number 297 in the former National Library in Belgrade. Unfortunately, the manuscript was destroyed on 6 April 1941 during Nazi Germany's bombing of Belgrade. However, the manuscript can be studied based on black and white photographs and descriptions of previous researchers. Within the codex were 36 miniatures, mostly located on the margins of the text. Their contours were made with black ink, with a thick pen or brush, and were partially painted with a reduced palette - light blue, red, ocher yellow and warm brown. Figural representations were indirectly related to the text next to which they were painted. Among the miniatures were portraits of the evangelists (Matthew and Mark), various New Testament themes and figures, images of Saints, etc. They were unskillfully executed and unusually iconographically resolved. The researchers recognised in them the influences of the Christian Orient, primarily works of Coptic art.
True Cross Reliquary, King Stefan Vladislav, Now Lost Artifact An 18th century description of a now lost staurotheke, which the Serbian King Stefan Vladislav (reigned 1234-1243) donated to the Athonite Monastery of St. Paul, describes this, today lost, staurotheke. In the upper part of the lid were depicted the Crucifixion and Christ enthroned surrounded by Saints, and in the lower part a king in proskynesis and an inscription in Old Serbian. The inscription, in which the ktetor prays for protection and assistance by the True Cross, reveals not only the identity of the king, but also the role of the relic in the royal ideology of the Nemanjić dynasty.
Vrutci, Church of St. Stephen, Remains of Sculptural Decoration Artifact Fragments of bas-relief sculptural decoration found within the Church of St. Stephen in Vrutci dates back to the end of the 9th/beginning of the 10th century. These are parts of church furniture or architectural plastic made in the pre-Romanesque style - with the recognisable motif of the interweaving of three-part strips.
Vukan's Gospel Artifact Vukan's Gospel is a full aprakos, written on parchment probably between 1200 and 1202. The manuscript was copied by several scribes, and the major part of the codex was written by the hand of the elder Simeon. The decoration of the codex consists of a large number of initials, several headpieces and two miniatures. Vukan's Gospel was written in Ras, but it was kept for a long time in the cell of Saint Sava (ca. 1175-1236) in Karyes on the Holy Mount Athos. Bishop Porfirij Uspenskij (1804-1885) brought it to Russia in the 19th century, where it is still today. The Gospel is kept in the National Library of Russia in Saint-Petersburg (Fn I 82), while one leaf is kept in the Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Places (996)
Name Class Begin End Description
Amantia Place The Upper Town of Amantia was probably founded in the 5th century BCE and refortified during the reign of Justinian in the 6th century CE. At the end of the 5th century or at the beginning of the 6th century CE, an early Christian Basilica was built.
Amorphous Tombstones (unknown number) Place Bešlagić mentions, that according to the locals, there are several amorphous stećak tombstones at the Jasnića gaj site, about 2 km northwest of Biokovac.
Ancona Place None
Apollonija, Shën Mëri Monastery Place In the 9th century the Shën Mëri Monastery was founded on the territory of the now deserted town of Apollonia. In the late 13th century the monastery got a church.
Apolonija Place 01.01.0588 The Town of Apollonia was founded in the year 588 B.C. by Greek settlers from Korfu and Korinth. After an earthquake altered the river Vjosë in the 4th century and the repeated invasions of the 4th and 5th century the town got ruined. The extenisve privileges the town received during Roman rule allowed the development of many development and a bishop's see. In the 9th century the Shën Meri Monastery was founded on the territory of the now deserted town. (AA I, 14 (3); AA I, 528 (156-157); JG LT DIPL., 671 - episcopus civitatis Appoloniae, De la Polina, Apud Apolloniam).
Arapaj, Basilica of Shën Mëhill Place between 01.01.0491 and 31.12.0518 18.10.1081 The Basilica of Shën Mëhill was one of the oldest Christian churches in modern Albania. The Basilica was probably built during the reign of Emperor Anastasios I (491-518). Unfortunately only the foundation walls are preserved. The chapell of the basilica was used as burial site for a man and a women and served as a place of pilgrimage from the 5th to the 12thz century. Anna Komnena writes that Robert Guiscard destroyed Arapaj and the basilica on the 18th of October 1081.
Ardenica Monastery Place between 01.01.1200 and 31.12.1399 The Ardenica Monastery was founded in the 13th or 14th century during the Epirote Depostate. The monastery was renovated in the 18th century and it is suggested that Ardenica Monastery was built on an earlier christianised Artemis temple. The monastery had a very rich library which unfortunately was destroyed in a fire in the year 1932.
Arilje, Church of St. Achillius Place 01.01.1296 The Church of St. Achillius is situated in the city of Arilje and was the see of the Eparchy of Moravica (Moravička). The first church was probably built in the 11th century, whereas the present-day church was renewed by the Serbian King Dragutin (reigned 1276-1282) in the year 1296 (Sp. 87), as seen on the inscription in the drum. It is a single nave edifice with a low transept, a semicircular apse and a dome, anarthex and an exonarthex. It belongs to the Raška architectural style. The façade is decorated with lesenes and blind arcades. The exonarthex with a dome was added later. The church was fresco painted with portraits of King Dragutin and his brother the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) as ktetors, Dragutin's wife the Arpad Princess Katalin of Hungary, their sons Vladislav and Urošica and several bishops of the Eparchy of Moravica. The church is a mausoleum of Dragutin's son Urošica.
Armeni Place 01.01.1431 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv. 75 - karye-i Armeni)
Babajići, Čovića Hanovi, Necropolis with 20 Tombstones Place There are 20 tombstones of stećak-type near the hamlet Čovića Hanovi in the vicinity of the village of Babajići, some of which were used for a private house building in the 1970s.
Babijane Place 01.01.1330 (MSM GL., XII, 28 - selo Babijane).
Bajice Place 01.01.1489 (PR Čern. II, 1, str. 11 - meždu Baicami)
Bakzi Place 01.01.1416 (FC CVen. di Scut., 161 - villa clamada Bachxi).
Baleco Place between 01.01.1060 and 18.03.1067 01.01.1416 The town of Balec is said to be inhabited by the Illyrians and then by the Romans. Being destroyed after the arrival of the Slavs, a new town was build on this site, which became the capital of the region and was incorporated into the kingdom of Duklja (Zeta from the 12th century onwards). Here, the bishopric of Palachium was established before 1067. The bishopric had been alternating its status as a suffragan of Dioclea and of Bar until the 15th century. (Könighaus) The Town of Baleco lies now in ruins north of Shkodra. The town is located on the Maja Balezit near the confluence of the rivers Rrjollit and Gropes. The town is described as very vital in the year 1363, but already in 1402 it only has the status of a Pronoia and has in 1416 counted only 25 houses. (FC CVen. di Scut. 101 - cita de Belezo). Baleco can probably identified with Skanderbegs Reç Fortress.
Baljevac, Church of St. Nicholas Place 01.01.1190 31.12.1235 The Church of St. Nicholas in Baljevac was probably built at the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century (Enc III 72). It is a single nave edifice with a wide altar apse and three bays separated by pilasters, built of large hewn stone, while the window frames are carved from white, most likely Radočel marble. The monumental fresco painting, preserved only fragmentarily and in the lower zones, shows the stylistic features of the painting of the mid-14th century. Protection works were executed in 1935 and 1936, when the church was covered with a structure supported by nine columns, about half a meter away from the walls of the edifice. The conservation of the frescoes was carried out in 1969.
Balldre, Church of St Veneranda Place between 01.01.1250 and 31.12.1299 The Church of St Veneranda in Balldre was built in the second half of the 13th century. Like other Northern Albanian churches, this church too shows a mix of Catholic and Orthodox iconography in its frescoes. The inscriptions of the Church of St Veneranda are in Latin.
Ballsh, Unknown Basilica Place This unknown Basilica was built in the center of an late antique town (Zindel et al. assume it was Glavinica). Many of the surrounding buildings include spolia of the church. In the ruins of the church, a inscription praising the christening of Tsar Boris and the Bulgarians and the annexation of Albania into the Bulgarian Empire.
Balša Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 87 i nap. 4 - ez vilayet-i Balsa)
Banja Place 01.01.1379 (MD Kar. trg. 141, nap 19 - Moroblachos de Bagna)
Banjska Monastery, Church of St. Stephen Place 01.01.1313 31.12.1315 Banjska Monastery is situated by the Banjska river, near Zvečan in the North of Kosovo. It was built by King Milutin in 1313 to 1315, modelled on Studenica Monastery. Its a single nave edifice with a dome and tripartite altar space. To the North and South of the central part of the Church are choirs with paracclesions next to each. Narthex has two bell-towers on its Western end. The Church is rich with Romanesque sculptural decoration (it was probably made by the same artisans who worked in the Chilandar Monastery).The most prominent sculptural decoration is the statue of the Virgin with Christ as a child (kept in the nearby Monastery of Sokolica). Some frescoes have remained, mostly under the dome.
Baošle Place 01.01.1351 (MMS., 151 - u Baošle, Bielu, Kruševicu)
Bar Place 01.01.0743 01.01.1216 The Town of Bar evolved out of a castle which was rebuilt during the Reign of Justinian. Bar was the center of the increasingly Slavic principality of Zeta and became the part of the Serbian realm in the 12th century. Šufflay described the town as well fortified and home to monuments analogous to those in Ravenna, Ragusa and Zara (AA I, 50 (11); VĆ ŽSN., 32 - civitati namque ... Avarorum.; gradь slav'ny Barь).
Bar, Church of St. Mark (Franciscan Church) Place 01.01.1288 The remains of the Church of St. Mark (Franciscan Church) is situated in the city of Bar. Its a single nave edifice with four bays (similar to the Church C in Ratac). In the central bay was a dome. Its apse is rectangular. On the North side of the Church is a sacristy consisted of two bays, and on the Western side is a chapel of unknown purpose. The ktetor was probably the Queen Helen of Anjou.
Barbaruše Place 01.01.1416 FC CVen. di Scut. 133 (villa cmada Barbarossi).
Bashtovë Fortress Place between 01.01.1456 and 31.12.1478 The Bashtovë Fortress was built between the years 1456 and 1478 by the Venetians in great haste. The Datin into the 15th century is heavily debated, because of similarities to other fortresses in e.g. Elbasan, some researchers suggest a construction during the Justinian Dynasty. Many Byzantine spolia were used during the construction. The Fortress lies far away of towns. Its purpose was probably to secure the Shkumbin river or a nearby market place.
Batina Place 01.01.1220 The Village of Batina was given by King Stefan the Firstcrowned to the monastery of Žiča (ZSp. 571 - na krьmu i na odějanije služeštimь mi svetomu hramu semu: selo Talьsko i sь Ratinovь i sь Zaklopitovь Lukovь, Topolьica sь Vojušami, Ribьnica i sьvsěmi obьršьmi i sь Brěnovь, Žiča sь Batinomь, Ribizi sь Črьnovь Rěkomь ...). The Village of Batina has not preserved and might be situated within the village boundaries of modern Gotovac.
Bejkova, Tower Place The Tower near Bejkova was built in the Late Antiquity. During the Medieval Age the fortification was renovated. It is possible that this fortification is the remain of the ancient town of Kolonja. Kolonja was the administrative centre of a Byzantine Thema during the 11th century and also during the Normano-Byzantine War at the end of the 11th and beginning of the 12th century. In 1259 the region was recaptured by the Emperors of Nicea and again in 1328 by Andronikos II Palaiologos.
Bekova, Church of St. Demetrius Place 01.01.1341 The Church of St. Demetrius in the Village of Bekova was given to the Banjska Monastery (Sp. IV 4).
Bekovo Place 01.01.1314 The Village of Bekovo was given in 1314 by King Milutin to the Banjsko Monastery (Sp. IV 3 - Selo Běkovo...).
Bela Poljana Place 15.07.1363 Bela Poljana was a hamlet of the village of Nosonina. The Serbian Emperor Stefan Uroš V (reigned 1355-1371) confirmed the donation to the courtier (čelnik) Musa (OSp. 166/Šuica 2003, 144-145).
Belci u Ibru Place 15.07.1363 The Village of Belco was confirmed to the courtier Musa in the year 1363 (OSp. 167).
Belo Polje (1) Place 01.01.1254 01.01.1348 In 1254-65 the village was mentioned (Sp. III 9.). In 1248 a path to the east in Belo Polje was mentioned (Gk XV 300).
Belo Polje (2) Place 15.07.1363 The Village of Belo Polje was given by Tsar Uroš V to the Serbian nobleman Musa (OSp 166).
Belčino u Ibru Place 15.07.1363 At the 15th of July 1363 Tsar Uroš confirmed the donation of the Village of Belčino u Ibru to the courtier Musa (Osp 166).
Benča Place 01.01.1314 31.12.1314 The village of Benča is mentioned in ca. 1314 and is localised between Plav and Budimlja (Sp IV 6 - megju Ben'ču sь Gradьč'komь megomь...).
Berat Place 01.01.0878 01.01.1281 Berat was probably founded by king Kassander of Macedonia and named after his father Antipatros. Theodosias II renamed the city to Pulcheropolis. The walls of the town were renovated by Justinian and extended with towers. After the Bulgarian conquest in the year 860, the town was named Beligrad/Belograd from which the name Berat derived. Berat was reintegrated into the Byzantine Empire in the year 1018. The lower towns were fortified in the medieval age. After the Fourth Crusade in 1204 Berat became a part of the Despotate of Epirus and it's capital. Michael II gave Berat to Manfred of Hohenstaufen; after his death it formed part of the Regnum Albaniae. In 1280-81 the region and Berat became again part of the Byzantine Empire and lost in 1345 to Stefan IV Dušan. In the year 1417 Berat was conquered by the Ottomans, who then built the citadel, the lower town and a bazar. During his rebellion, Skanderbeg unsuccessfully besieged Berat (AAI, 55 (13-14) - ad episcopatum Belogradensem; GČ KNS, 87 (48-49) - de Belgrado).
Beri Place 01.01.1451 (SLJ List. IX, 408 - quinque catonis ... Beri)
Bes Place between 01.01.1241 and 31.12.1242 (MMS 26 - u Virь u Besь).
Beška Place According to Aleksandar Loma, the toponym "Beška" derived from the Latin word of "basilica".
Beška Island, Church of St. George Place 01.01.1442 The Church of St. George was built before 1442 (Stojanović 395, Starinar 162). (LjS PP I, 400 (395) - svetagō Georgija u Gorice).
Beška Island, Church of St. Mary Place 01.01.1440 (LjS ZiN I, 276 (88) - sьzda se hramь sy prěsvetïe Bogorodice sь trudomь i ōtkupomь blagočьstivoi gospogi Ele dьšteri svetopočivšago kneza Lazara).
Beška, Church of the Bogorodica Place 01.01.1440 The Church of the Bogorodica was built by a certain Jelena the wife of Đurđe Stracimirovič (ZN 276).
Bihor Place 01.01.1450 (DA L. de F., 24, 10 - in loco vocato Bichor).
Bijaći, Church of St. Martha Place between 01.01.0800 and 31.12.0850 The Church of St. Martha was built in the first half of the 9th century. It was part of the royal complex of Bijaći and was erected on the foundations of an earlier basilica. The Church was renovated in recent times. Its a three nave edifice with a rectangular apse and was decorated with reliefs and sculpture.
Bijela (1) Place 01.01.1443 (KA Not. knj II, 588 - Radosti Zulet de Biela).
Bijela (2) Place 01.01.1443 (DA L. de F., 17, 97 - in Biella in Droghgnazi).
Bijela (3) Place (KA Not. knj. II, 588 - Radosti Zulet de Biela).
Bijela, Church of St. Peter Place between 01.01.0500 and 31.12.0800 The Church of St. Peter in Bijela was probably built in the Early Christian period (probably in the 5th or 6th century). Fragments of plaster indicate that a pre-Romanesque building was erected on the basis of the original church, which has not been researched so far. For these fragments it could be assumed that they belong to the remains of the former Benedictine Monastery of St. Peter de Campo, which is also mentioned in the charter of Pope Clement VI (1342-1352) from 1345. After the demolition of the church, the present-day church of St. Peter was built by the family Burović from Perast, and some parts of the pre-Romanesque altar screen have been preserved and included in it.
Bijelo Polje, Church of St. Nicholas (Nikoljac) Place between 01.01.1282 and 31.12.1299 between 01.01.1500 and 31.12.1599 The Church of St. Nicholas in Bijelo Polje was built before the 14th century, probably in the time of the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) at the end of the 13th century. It had several phases of development. The current church, which is surrounded by a cemetery, dates to the 16th century. It is a three-nave basilica with a dome and a semicircular apse. It was fresco decorated around 1550. To the North-West of the church is a free-standing bell tower.
Bijelo Polje, Church of St. Peter Place between 01.01.0800 and 01.01.1000 between 01.01.1161 and 31.12.1250 The Church of St. Peter is situated in Bijelo Polje, on the Lim River, and was probably founded by the Serbian Prince Miroslav (reigned 1162-1190) before 1161-1162. It was built on an old place of cult, probably from the 9th or 10th century. (SN ZSp., 596 - koga izvoli Svety Petrь Apostolь; MD Kar. trg., 123, nap 14 - usque Limum ad ecclesiam S. Petri). It is a single nave edifice, with three bays skirted by pilasters and arches, and a rectangular apse. The Eastern and Western bays are almost equal in length, whereas the central one is much shorter and has a transverse barrel vault, in the middle of which is a square dome covered by a pyramidal roof. The construction above the vaults gave the church the look of a three-aisled basilica with a transept and a dome. In the second half of the 13th century the Western porch of the church was turned into a narthex and was painted with frescoes at the beginning of the 14th century. Also, bell-towers were added resembling the Churches of St. Tryphon in Kotor, Djurdjevi Stupovi in Budimlja and the Monastery of the Mother of God in Hvosno. The church furnishings, done in a pre-Romanesque style, were taken from the original (older) building.
Bijeloši Place 01.01.1489 (PR Čern., II, 1 str. 11 - ere Běloševiću)
Biograd, Cathedral Place 01.01.1060 01.01.1930 The cathedral of Biograd was erected before 1060 and abandoned in 1930.
Biograd, Church of St. John the Baptist Place between 01.01.1059 and 31.12.1060 between 01.01.1125 and 31.12.1125 The Church of St. John was founded in 1059/1060 by Petar Krešimir (reigned 1059-1074/75). The church was part of a monastery complex. The monastery was destroyed in the year 1125 during the conquest of Biograd by the Venetians.
Biograd, Church of St. Thomas Place between 01.01.1061 and 31.12.1062 between 01.01.1125 and 31.12.1125 The Church of St. Thomas was built shortly before 1061/1062 and was part of the complex of the Monastery of St. John. Maybe it was demolished in 1125 after the conquest of the city by the Venetians. Today's Parish Church of St. Anastasia was erected at the former monastery's place.
Birovo Place 01.01.1314 The Village of Birovo was given by Milutin to the Monastery of Banjsko (Sp IV 2 - selo Byrovo...). The Village is located in Ras, a part of Novi Pazar.
Biskupija, Church at Bukurovica Podvornice Place between 01.01.0900 and 31.12.0999 The Church at Bukurovica Podvornice was possibly built in the 10th century. It fell to ruins at an unknown point in time.
Biskupija, Church at Crkvina Place between 01.01.0850 and 31.12.0899 The Church at Crkvina was built in the second half of the 9th century. It has inscriptions of an unknown duke, and houses the sarcophagus of a nobleman, who is believed to be Duke Branimir (reigned 879- ca. 892). This church is one of five churches found in Biskupija. During the Middle Ages it was the see of the Bishop of Knin. The church was restored in the 13th century after the Tatar invasion and destroyed during the civil wars in the late 14th and early 15th centuries or by the earliest Ottoman raids in the region.
Biskupija, Church at Lopuška Glavica Place between 01.01.0800 and 31.12.0999 The Church at Lopuška Glavica was most probably built in the 9th or 10th century. It now lies in ruins.
Biskupija, Church of Holy Trinity Place 01.01.1088 The Church beneath the Serbian Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity (Sveta Trojica) in Biskupija was most probably built before 1088 and is only mentioned in a letter of Rev. Vinjalić in the year 1746. The letter states: "[...] piu al insu verso ostro vi e la villa detta Bikupija, lontana circa tre migla a dritta linea dalla fortezza perche si va cercar li ponti ve ne sonne piu di sette; qui sono tre ruine delle fabriche; la piu vicina e la piu intatta, questa e una rotonda ottongolare, per che sia stata chiesa all'antica [...]". Based on written accounts from the 18th century, the pre-Romanesque Church had an eight-leaf ground plan (similar to the Church in Ošlje).
Biskupija, Church of St. Cecilia at Stupovi Place 01.01.1060 The Church of St. Cecilia was built before 1088, probably around 1060. It is probably to be identified with the church in front of which King Dmitar Zvonimir (reigned 1076-1089) was murdered. It fell to ruins at an unknown date. It was a three-nave edifice with three apses, and was probably vaulted. On the Western side was a narthex and a bell-tower and together they formed a westwerk. On the Southern side was a chapel.
Bistrica (2) Place The Village of Bistrica was given by King Vladislav to the Monastery of the Mother of God in Bistrica (ZSp. 590 I - ... Ja, pomoštiju i milostiju Božijeju věn'čanny kraalь vsěhь sr'bskihь zemlь i pomorьskihь, Stefanь Vladislavь, naměstьnikь onogo blaženago i oca mi, ponaavljaju i oněhь prьvodan'naja sela i potvrьždaju simь moimь hrisovulomь Bystricu okolo crьkve, Nevyzrake oboje. A tomu selu megja kako je prišьlь rьtь megu Orahovicomь, ptd.).
Bistrica (3) Place between 01.01.1254 and 31.12.1264 01.01.1455 (LjS Sp., III, 9 - Bystrica; Bv. Ar. MD 544 - Bystrica do Cera).
Blagaj, Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian Place 01.01.1194 The Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian is situated in Blagaj in Zachlumia, near the city of Mostar. It was built by Župan Djordje, in the time of Stefan Nemanja, as was written on the dedicatory inscription. The Church has been demolished and torn down but the remains of other Churches built in the Ponikve region (Church of St. George in Sparagovići and Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian in Metohija), in the late 12th century, we can reconstruct how this edifice looked like. It was a single nave edifice with three bays and an apse which consists of three niches in the Eastern wall (the one in the middle was rectangular on the outside).
Blagoveštenje Monastery Place The Blagoveštenje Monastery was built somewhen in the 12th or 13th century (Enc I, 214).
Bleništi Place 01.01.1204 (AA I, 565 (166-67) - caznesio Bleuisci).
Bliništi Place 01.01.1414 (PC CVen. do Scut., 136 - San Nicolo de Chacharichi overo Blinisti)
Blizna Place 01.01.1443 (VĐ Iz Ist., 197 - selo Blizno).
Boboshticë, Church of Shen Jovani Place between 01.01.1200 and 31.12.1299 The church of Shen Jovani near Boboshticë was built in the 13th century. The church was heavily damaged by an earthquake but renovated and an Narthex was added under Ottoman rule.
Bobovišća, Island of Brač, Church of St. Martin Place The Church of St. Martin is situated South of Bobovišća, on the Island of Brač. Its a single nave vaulted building with three bays and a semicircular apse both on the outside and the inside. On the South and North wall are niches. Gothic bell tower was built in the 15th century.
Bogdašići Place 01.01.1331 01.01.1421 (SLj List. VIII, 96; KA. Not. knj. I, 231 - Ego Radoslavus, Petco, Stipan et Juroe fratres filii Bogdasce; Bogdasichi)
Bogdašići, Church of St. Peter Place 01.01.1269 31.12.1269 The Church of St. Peter is located in Bogdašići near Kotor. It was built on the fundaments of an older church in the year 1269 by Bishop Neofil of Zeta. It is a single-nave Benedictine Church with Gothic vaults, semicircular apse, rectangular chapels in the North and the South and a bell-tower in the West. In the Southern chapel frescoes in Byzantine style have been discovered. The church represents the simplest form of the Raška style. Inside the church in the Southern wall is a Latin inscription naming the artisan Regolus. Beside the church entrance in the West is a Serbian inscription naming the ktetor Neofil and the year 1269.
Bol, Island of Brač, Church of St. John and Theodor Place 01.01.1000 The Church of St. John and Theodor is situated on the Island of Brač. It was most likely built in the 11th century, above a Late Antique building, and has similarities with other churches on the Island of Brač. Its a single nave edifice with a rectangular apse both on the inside and the outside. Below the present Church, on the inner East wall frescoes were found with fragments of red, blue and yellow stripes. Also, numerous spolia were used for the construction of the later Church.
Boljanići, Bijelo groblje, Ten Tombstones Place On a small hill near the road, there are ten tombstones of the stećak type on the cemetery called Bijelo groblje. There are several Orthodox crosses on the site as well according to Šefik Bešlagić.
Boljesestre Place 01.01.1485 (DĐ Iz Ist., 198 - selo Boljesestre)
Borikovac Place 01.01.1314 Borikovac was mentioned in 1314 (Sp IV 2 - , kako se kamy valii sěmo i ōnamo u Borikov'cь, ōt Borikov'ca pod planinu uz dělь...).
Boričje, Brvi, Necropolis with Nine Tombstones Place On the Brvi hill in the vicinity of the village of Boričje there is a necropolis with 9 stećak-type tombstones.
Boričje, Necropolis with 12 Tombstones Place None
Borkovići, Mramorje, 15 Tombstones Place There are 15 stećak-type tombstones on the Mramorje site near Borkovići.
Botun Place 01.01.1314 31.12.1314 The village of Botun is mentioned in 1314 (SP. IV 5 - . A se megje Botunju zabělu: ...).
Božani Place 01.01.1497 (DĐ Iz Ist., 173 - selo Božani)
Brajići Place 01.01.1489 (PR Čern., I, 464 - i Braičei).
Bratoš Place 01.01.1307 31.12.1307 Bratoš was donated by the Serbian Queen Jelena Anžujska (ca. 1230-1314) to the Monastery of the Holy Mother of God Ratačka, which was confirmed by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) in the year 1307 (Azь Stefanь Urošь, samodrьžavьnyi kralь srьbьski i pomorьsky ... i sь synomь moimь Stefanomь ... daju talanьtь svetomu hramu tvojemu, ježe jestь u Rьtьčьka, svetoi Bogorodici Rьtьčьkoi, Duboicu, Zьburina, i Brьtošь, i Toplišь, Šaptine i Spilani' i sь megami, kako je obladala gospogja mi mati kralica Jelena, i ona je dala i zapisala, to potvrьdi kraljevьstvo mi i zapisa, da je na pištu starьcemь i na odeždu slěpimь i hromymь i bratii).
Brena Place 01.01.1220 The Village of Brena was given by King Stefan the Firstcrowned to the Žiča Monastery (ZSp. 571 - na krьmu i na odějanije služeštimь mi svetomu hramu semu: selo Talьsko i sь Ratinovь i sь Zaklopitovь Lukovь, Topolьica sь Vojušami, Ribьnica i sьvsěmi obьršьmi i sь Brěnovь, Žiča sь Batinomь, Ribizi sь Črьnovь Rěkomь ...). Purkovic suggests, that Brena is situated within modern Beranovac.
Bresnik Place 01.01.1195 The Village of Bresnik was given in the year 1195 by Župan Stefan Nemanja to the Studenica Monastery. (ZSp. 568 I - Prьveje selo Brezova, i selo Gušterice, i selo Zasadь, selo Ćakovo, selo Poolumirь, selo Cer’e, selo Bresnikь, selo Rastište, selo Savovo, i Glavoči, selo Mlan'ča, selo Mugurice, Selo Mi ... doćje takoo da se pušta, i premo nemu monastirь Pavlica, metohь Studenice sь trimy nurïamy podь Kopaonikomь.
Breza Place 01.01.1425 (MD Kar. trg., 124 i nap 24 - ad Bresam; ui dicitur Brexa)
Breznik Place 01.01.1446 (DA L. de F., 20, 216 - in Briesnik in Piva).
Brezova (1) Place 01.01.1195 The Village of Brezova was given by grand župan Stefan Nemanja to the Studenica Monastery (ZSp. 568 I - Prьveje selo Brezova, i selo Gušterice, i selo Zasadь, selo Ćakovo, selo Poolumirь, selo Cer’e, selo Bresnikь, selo Rastište, selo Savovo, i Glavoči, selo Mlan'ča, selo Mugurice, Selo Mi ... doćje takoo da se pušta, i premo nemu monastirь Pavlica, metohь Studenice sь trimy nurïamy podь Kopaonikomь).
Brezova (2) Place 01.01.1343 31.12.1343 In 1343 the hamlet of Brezova, being part of the settlement Velije Polje, was donated to the Monastery of the Saints Peter and Paul in Lim by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš IV Dušan (reigned 1331-1355; Urošь četvrьti, vь Hrista Boga ver'ni i samodrьžav'ni gospodinь vsehь srьbьskihь zemlь i pomor'skihь i grьčkihь ... i priloži kraljevstvo mi crьkvi svetimь apostolomь Petru i Pavlu u Limě selo u Crьn'či Velije Polje i zaselkomь zь Brezovomь i Zagradomь i sь ljudmi, i sь megjami, i sь vsemi pravinami sela toga, i sь mlini).
Brezova u Moravici Place 01.01.1282 01.01.1348 Between 1282 and 1298, the Village of Brezova was given to the Monastery of Hilandar by King Milutin (ZSP. 389 VII / 394 VII). Tsar Dušan confirmed the donation in the year 1348 (ZSp. 389 VII - U Moravicahь Brězova i sь zaselijami. ZSp. 394 VII - U Moravicahь Brězova i sь zaselijami. ZSp. 421 16: Selo Brězova sь zselci i sь vsěmi pravinami sela toga.).
Bribir, Octachora Place 01.01.1100 Under the parish church of the citadel of Bribir an octachora was traced. By the time of the publication of Goss in 1987 the excavations had not been completed.
Brnazi, Church of St. Archangel Michael Place 01.01.0800 31.12.1242 The Church of St. Archangel Michael was built in the 9th or 10th century on St. Michael's Hill near Brnazi. A fragment of the choir-screen is preserved and shows the inscription: "INDIGNVS PECATOR FIERI R[ogavi?] ... [t]EMPORE DOM[ni]." This inscription is interpreted in such a way that the church was founded by the Croatian rulers who used the term Domnus as title. The church was destroyed during the Mongol invasion in the year 1242.
Brodarevo Place 01.01.1373 01.01.1446 (LjS Srp. rod. i let., 69; MD Kar. trg., 124 i nap. 21 - sь že Davidь sьzida crьkovь (čьsnyi hramь) svetoje Bogojavljenije Gospodně na Lomu vь městě Brodarevě; in Brodarevo).
Brodarevo, Davidovica Monastery, Church of Epiphany Place 01.01.1281 The Church of Epiphany in the Davidovica Monastery is situated on the river Lim near Brodarevo. It was built by Župan Dmitar as monk David, the son of Vukan Nemanjić (the Grand Prince of Zeta) and brother of the Grand Prince Stefan, who built the Monastery of Morača Monastery (Kancelarski i notarski spisi, 1278-1301, 65-66; LjS ZiH., I, 119 (43) - Prěstavi se rabь Boži Dimitrije a zovomь Bratko). The builders and artisans of the church came from Dubrovnik, Desina de Risa with his son Vlaho (as stated in the written documents still preserved), who incorporated Romano-Gothic elements into this church. It is a single nave edifice with three bays and a semicircular apse. Above the central bay is a dome, and above the side chapels are two more. The narthex was added later. Fragments of fresco decoration have remained.
Broćanac, 20 Tombstones Place There are 20 stećak-type tombstones on a hill near the Orthodox cemetery in Broćanac.
Broćanac, 20 Tombstones on a Tumulus Place There are 20 stećak-type tombstones on a tumulus about 250 m northeast to the Orthodox cemetery of Broćanac.
Broćanac, One Tombstone Place Outside of a nearby Orthodox cemetery, there is a large solitary stećak-type tombstone.
Broćanac, Two Tombstones Place South to another nearby necropolis, there are two large solitary tombstones of the stećak type in Broćanac.
Brskovo Place 01.01.1220 01.01.1278 (LjS PP., I, 6 (4) - u Brьskově u trьgu; AA I, 386 (113) - de Brescoua).
Brusnica pod Rudnikom Place 14.08.1354 The Village of Brusnica pod Rudnikom was mentioned in the year 1354 (ZSp 428).
Brvenica, Poda and Donja Brvenica, 40 Tombstones Place Near the hamlets of Poda and Donja Brvenica, on a plateau of a hill, together with an active Orthodox cemetery, there is a group of 40 stećak-type tombstones according to Šefik Bešlagić.
Brvenik, Church of St. Nicholas Place 01.01.1300 31.12.1399 The Church of St. Nicholas near Brvenik was probably built in the 14th century (Starinar VIII-IX 285). It is a single nave edifice with a semicircular vault and apse (with proskomedia and diaconicon). The fresco decoration is poorly preserved.
Brčeli Place In the 14 century a Church in Brčeli was mentioned (Starinar VI 158).
Brčeli u Crmnici Place 01.01.1326 The village of Brčeli u Crmnici was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski (reigned 1322-1331) to the Monastery of Sveti Nikola in Vranjina (Ako li se ne omužii, da ima hranu otь crьkve, a crьkvy svetago Nikoli da drьži selo Brьčali).
Budimlja, Monastery of Djurdjevi Stupovi (St. George) Place 01.01.1139 01.01.1252 The Monastery of Djurdjevi Stupovi (St. George) is situated in Budimlja near Berane and was built by Stefan Prvoslav, the son of Tihomir, as his mausoleum between 1170 and 1190. The monastery also served as the see of the Bishops of Budimlja (Rl. 9, 43). (PJ Š Pam., 68 - sьzyda crьkovь ... u Budimlje svetago Geōrgïa; LjS ZiN I, 1029 (286) episkopь Budimlьsky Teofilь ... vь domu svetago velikago Strastotrьpьca Hristova Georgïa). The church underwent several reconstructions, but its plan remained the same. It is a single nave edifice with three bays and a dome. Later, in the 13th century (certainly by the 1240s), a narthex was added in the West of it with two rectangular-based towers. As most researchers believe, it was built by masters from the Adriatic (as to be seen in the polychromic façade), following the model of Apulian churches. Also, this church is similar in plan with the Church of St. Luke in Kotor.
Budisavci Monastery, Church of Transfiguration of Jesus Christ Place 01.01.1300 31.12.1321 Budisavci Monastery is situated in the Budisavci village, 18km South-East of the city of Peć. It was built in the first half of the 14th century. Researchers believe ktetors were either King Milutin (as mentioned in the partially saved inscription) or the sister of King Stefan Dečanski. The Church was reconstructed and fresco painted in the 16th century by Patriarch Makarije Sokolović. The Church is in the form of an inscribed cross with a dome, an apse which is semicircular on the inside and rectangular on the outside and a narthex (which was renewed in the 19th century). Frescoes from the 14th century have not survived, and a new layer was made in the 16th century.
Budiša Place 01.01.1416 (FC CVen. di Scut., 96 - villa clamada Bodissa)
Budoš Place 01.01.1448 (LT St. 379 - castrum Budoch)
Budva Place 01.01.1149 01.01.1337 (FŠ LPD., 306, 326 - Budua cum Cuceua; Danilo, 251 - vь město rekomo Staryi Gradь).
Budva, Church of St. John the Baptist Place between 01.01.0650 and 31.12.0700 01.01.1200 The Church of St. John the Baptist is situated in the old town of Budva and was erected in the 7th century. It was reconstructed multiple times. The church was initially built as a rotunda and later transformed into a single nave edifice. On the Southern side, above the chapels on the ground floor, a two-storey episcopal palace was erected, and on the Northern side, from the square base, rises a bell tower with a clock (refurbished in 1850). The church houses the famous miraculous icon of the Madonna in Punta or the so-called "Our Lady of Budva" (13th to 14th centuries), which was brought to the Church of St. John the Baptist from the Church of St. Mary in Punta. Remains of fresco decoration from the 14th century are still visible on the inner Northern wall. The church has two side chapels, one in the North, the other in the South. The Northern side chapel houses the miraculous icon of the Madonna in Punta. Today the Church of St. John the Baptist is a Roman Catholic church. Immediately to the South of the episcopal palace an Early Christian basilica from the 5th and 6th centuries was excavated.
Budva, Church of St. Mary (in the Castello) Place between 01.01.0450 and 01.01.0550 between 01.01.0800 and 31.12.0899 The Church of St. Mary (in the Castello) is situated in the citadel of the old town of Budva, to the South-West of the Church of St. John the Baptist. It was built in the period of Late Antiquity (remains are still visible) and was later renewed. Several stages of development can be observed. The three-nave basilica was built in the late 5th and the beginning of the 6th century. In the 9th century it was turned into a single nave edifice, and galleries were to be found above the aisles. The remains of the church furnishing from the 9th century prove that the church was still in use at that time. Today the church is in ruins.
Budva, Church of St. Mary in Punta Place 01.01.0840 31.12.1280 The Church of St. Mary in Punta is situated in the old town of Budva. The edifice was built by the Benedictines in 840 according to the inscription on the inner side of the Northern façade. In the 13th century it became Franciscan. It is a single nave edifice with a rectangular apse and a gothic vault and leans against the city walls of Budva. A bell tower was added later above the apse, which lies in the North. In the 17th century further changes were made. The entrance to the church is in the East. The altar of the church once housed the famous miraculous icon of the Madonna in Punta or the so-called "Our Lady of Budva" (13th to 14th centuries). According to the Greek inscription on the icon it was transferred to the Church of St. John the Baptist in 1807 (prior to the siege by the French army), where the icon is still kept today. It is considered to be a miraculous icon, which is protecting the old town of Budva.
Budva, Church of St. Sabbas Place 01.01.1142 31.12.1142 The Church of St. Sabbas is situated in the old town (stari grad) of Budva and was consecrated in 1142. At that time, St. Sabbas was a patron saint of Budva, whose cult had come to the Southern Adriatic from the East through the Byzantine dignitaries, who had served in the theme of Dalmatia. It is a single nave building leaning against the town wall, vaulted, with the interior divided into three bays. Its facade is constructed with alternating blocks of greyish and rose-coloured stone. The entrance to the church lies in the West.
Bunjane Place 01.01.1330 (MSM Gl., XII, 34 - Selo Bunjane)
Buruze Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 103 - karye-i Buruze)
Butrint Place The upper town of Butrint was first mentioned in the 3rd to 4th centuries, it also was mentioned as a bishop's see in 457 and 516. During the reign of Leon VI (886-911) Butrint was part of the archdiocese of Naupaktos. Bishop Arsen of Corfu described the region's wealth in fish and oysters. After the dismantling of the First Bulgarian Empire in 1020 Butrint became part of the Archdiocese of Ohrid. In the 11th and 12th century Butrint was under changing rule and involved of the wars of the Byzantines, Normans and Venetians. After the Fourth Crusade in 1204 Butrint became a part of the Despotate of Epirus and became in 1258 part of the realm of Manfred of Hohenstaufen. After Manfreds death Butrint became again part of Epirus and in 1274 of the Byzantine Empire of Michael VIII Palaiologos. In 1278 Epirus again ruled over Butrint but ceded the town to Karl I Anjou in the next year. Only in 1386 Butrint became occupied by Venice and stayed under Venetian rule until the Coalition Wars in 1798.
Bučije (1) Place 01.01.1314 The Village of Bučije was mentioned in the year 1314 (SP. IV 4).
Bučije (2) Place 01.01.1330 31.12.1330 The village of Bučije is mentioned in the border description of the Village of Komaran (DH 75 – uz pьt prětko posrěd bučja).
Byllis Place The town of Byllis was founded in the 4th century BCE. Before becoming part of the Roman Empire, Byllis was part of the Macedonian and Illyrian Kingdom and of the Byllian Koinon. In the year 30 BCE Byllis became a Roman colonia and florished until the Attacks of the Visigoth in the late 4th century destroyed the town and it emerged only in the 5th century. In 458 Byllis was a bishop's see and became one of the eight most important cities of Epirus accordikg to Hierokles. The town was destroyed and abandoned after an Slavic attack in 586. Findings of coins of Stefan Uroš IV Dušan allow to assume that soldiers and farmers still have trespassed the towns area. Byllis was home to five basilicas.
Bystrica in Brskovo Place between 01.01.1253 and 31.12.1253 between 01.01.1264 and 31.12.1264 The village of Bystrica in Brskovo was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš I (reigned 1243-1276) to the Monastery of the Holy Mother of God in Ston (A se selo u Brьskově Prostěnije, Stryčina, Gostilovina, Bys'trica, a zaselije mu Dobrih'nina i Bělojevina.) and a bit later as a hamlet to the Monastery of Saint Peter and Paul in Lim (Selo u Brьskově Prostěnyje, a zaselije mu Bystrica, Dobrihьnina, Gostylovina, Stričina, Plavьkovyna, Selьca, Jasenovo, a planina mu Konь, a megja Prostěnyju otь Tare u stěnu u Pělovynu, ...).
Bzovik Place 01.01.1314 31.12.1314 The village of Bzovik is mentioned within the border description of the village of Goražde in 1314 (Sp. IV 4 - i ōt tud prězь brьdo u Bьzovikь u Nikolinu cr(ь)kv').
Bělojevina in Brskovo Place 01.01.1253 31.12.1253 Bělojevina in Brskovo was a hamlet of the village of Prostěnije. In ca. 1253 the Serbian King Stefan Uroš I (reigned 1243-1276) donated it to the Monastery of the Holy Mother of God in Ston (A se selo u Brьskově Prostěnije, Stryčina, Gostilovina, Bys'trica, a zaselije mu Dobrih'nina i Bělojevina.).
Ceklin Place 01.01.1489 (PR Čern., I, 464 - ot ... Ceklina).
Cere Place 01.01.1195 The Village of Cere was given by Grand Župan Stefan Nemanja to the Studenica Monastery (ZSp 598 I - Urošь četvrьti, vь hrista Bog ver'ni i samodrьžav'ni gospodinь vsehь semlь i pomor'skihь i grьčkihь ... i priloži kraljevstvo mi crьkvi svetimь apostolomь Petru i Plavu u Limě selo u Crьn'či Velije Polje i zaselkomь zь Brezovomь i Zagradomь i sь ljudmi, i sь megjami, i sь vsemi pravinami selo toga, i sь mlini).
Cerova Place 01.01.1455 (BvAr MD 544 - selo Cerova).
Cerova Glava Place 15.07.1363 The Village of Cerova Glava was given by Tsar Uroš V to the Serbian nobleman Musa (OSp. 167). Cerova Glava is a hamlet of the Village of Rudnica.
Cerova na Limu Place 01.01.1253 The Village of Cerova na Limu was given by King Uroš I to the Monastery of the Holy Mother of God in Ston. A Part of the Village was given to the Monastery of Sveti Peter and Paul in Lim (ZSp. 601 XII - Na Limu selo Cerova i Močila, 594 VI - Selo Cerova, a meda jemu otь Črьnylьne Stěne pravo po dělu više Boroševine).
Cetina, Church of the Holy Saviour Place 01.01.0900 The Church of the Holy Saviour in Cetina was built around 900 on behalf of Count Gastica and his wife Nemira. It fell to ruins at an unknown date. The Church is of great importance, because it has the only surviving bell tower of the era before the Great Schism (1054). Its a single-nave edifice with three (rectangular, previously semicircular) apses. Narthex has an upper floor, corresponding to the so-called westwork of Carolingian architecture.
Cetinje Place 01.01.1440 01.01.1485 (KS KŽStK., 176; MMS., 531 - Zetine; Cetigne; mestě glagolěměmь Cětině).
Cetinje, Vlaška Crkva, Tombstones Place 01.01.1400 31.12.1499 Two stećci are to be found in front (to the West) of the Church Vlaška Crkva, which could date to the 15th century.
Church near Brodarevo Place A Church near Bodarevo was mentioned in the year 1443.
Church of St. Nicholas Place 01.01.1313 (AA I, 613 (182 - in Drino ad S. Nicolaum).
Church of Sv. Aleksandar de Monte Place 01.01.1367 (AA II, 228 (52) - sancti Alexandri de Monte).
Crljenice Place 01.01.1473 (FB TD., 8, (34) - iz sela Crljenice).
Crna Gora Place 01.01.1463 (DA Deb. Not., 36, 14 - Millissauus Miodruxich de Zernigera tabernorius).
Danj Place between 01.06.1216 and 30.06.1216 Dagno was probably the ancient greek fortress of Dainaa. This fortification protected the left bank of the Drin river and had a continued usage throughout the whole medieval age. The fortress was damaged in 1452 by a lightning strike and later demolished, probably by Skanderbeg (VĆ ŽSN., 31 - Danь grad(ь)).
Danj, Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary Place 01.01.1250 31.12.1299 The Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary is situated in Danj in the vicinity of Skadar. It was erected in the second half of the 13th century and is a single nave edifice with two bays, a semicircular apse and gothic vaults.
Daula Fortress Place 01.01.1451 01.01.1466 The Daula Fortress, in the region also known as Fortress of Skanderbeg, was built in the year 1451 by the Albanian prince Skanderbeg. Archeological excavations only show one Stratum of the 15th century. The fortress was destroyed by the Ottomans in the year 1466.
Delvina Place The modern town of Delvina evolved around the medieval fortification of Delvina. Four building phases were identified.
Deževa, Nikolina Crkva Place The Nikolina Church was located in Deževa (Sp IV 3).
Deževa, Spasova Crkva Place The Spasova Church was mentioned in Deževa (Sp IV 3).
Deževo u Rasu Place 01.01.1282 In Deževo u Rasu King Dragutin abducted and transferred the crown to his Brother Stefan Uroš II Dragutin (Danilo 25). In the Year 1314 King Milutin donated the Village to the Banjsko Monastery (Sp. IV 3 - I u Rasě selo Děževo, ...).
Dinoše Place 01.01.1314 31.12.1314 The village of Dinoše was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) to the Banjska Monastery in the year 1314 (Sp IV 5 - Sela: Dinoše, Hrastije u Podlužii, Godilje, Žaborovo, Gostilje i drugo Gostilja.; LjS ZiN., I. 445 (140) - sela Dinoše).
Dioclea Place between 01.01.0431 and 31.12.0431 between 01.01.0900 and 31.12.0900 In 431 AD Bishop Constantius of Doclea (Constantius episcopus civitatis Diocletianorum) took part at the Council of Ephesus, together with Bishop Paul of Dardania (Paulus episcopus Dardanorum). 20 years later, at the Council of Chalcedon, we find Bishop Evandrus of Doclea (Evandro Diocliae) among the participants. In the Synecdemus by Hierocles, an administrative and geographic source of the 6th century (ca. 527/28), only three cities (poleis) are listed in Praibalis, namely: Σκόδρα, Λίσσος and Δοκλέα. Among them only Δοκλέα is to be localised on the territory of today’s Montenegro, on the Northern periphery of today's capital Podgorica. Among them, Δοκλέα is to be localised on the territory of today’s Montenegro, being an excavation site on the Northern periphery of the capital Podgorica. The excavation site is surrounded by the rivers Širalija in the North, Zeta in the West and Morača in the South, was encircled by a city wall and is structured in a Western and an Eastern part. A via triumphalis cuts as central axis through the Western part. At its Western end lies a triumphal arch. Along the via triumphalis, i.e. on its Southern side, a Temple of Roma, an urban villa, a Temple of Diana as well as large and small thermae are to be found (from the West to the East). North of the via triumphalis a Basilica, a Forum and the Capitol temple are located (again from the West to the East). These monuments are roughly dated from the 1st to the 4th century AD. In the Eastern part, which is cut off from the Western part by a modern tarmac road, two basilicae were excavated. Basilica A is a three nave basilica with a semicircular apse in the interior and a polygonal apse on the exterior. It is dated to the 5th century AD and could have been renovated during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (reigned 527-565). To the South-West of Basilica A, a second basilica (Basilica B) was found. It is also a three nave basilica with a semicircular apse in the interior as well as exterior. Basilica B is dated to the period from the 4th to the 6th centuries. Later, a cruciform church was erected above Basilica B, which is dated to the Early medieval period (9th century?). Finally, a necropolis was found to the South-East of the city, outside the city walls, with tombs dating from the 1st to the 4th centuries. Another necropolis to the North-East is dated from the 2nd to the 5th centuries. Tatjana Koprivica identifies the aforesaid cruciform church (Basilica B) with the Church of St. Mary, which is mentioned in chapter IX of the “Letopis Popa Dukljanina” and in which King Budimir (Svetopluk, Svetopelek) was buried (in ecclesia sanctae Mariae in civitate Dioclitana), while his son and successor Svetolik was enthroned in the same church (ibique consecratus et coronatus est). Martin Homza has argued very recently in a new interpretation of chapter IX that the aforesaid Svetopluk should be identified with King Svatopluk I of Moravia (9th century), that the episode described in this very chapter should be placed on the territory of Pannonia and that it was re-worked for the purposes of the Dioclean ruler Mihailo Vojisavljević (reigned ca. 1046-1081) and his son Constantine Bodin (reigned 1081-1099) in the second half of the 11th century.
Display Case Stratigraphic unit
Divjaki Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 95 - karye-i Divyaki).
Dobra Place 01.01.1416 (FC CVen. di Scut., 76 - villa clamada Dobrea).
Dobra Voda Place 01.01.1406 (AA II, 800 (s46) - de Dobra Voda).
Dobratini Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 77 - karye-i Dobratini).
Dobrihnina in Brskovo Place between 01.01.1253 and 31.12.1253 between 01.01.1264 and 31.12.1264 The hamlet of Dobrihnina was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš I (reigned 1243-1276) to the Monastery of the Holy Mother of God in Ston (A se selo u Brьskově Prostěnije, Stryčina, Gostilovina, Bys'trica, a zaselije mu Dobrih'nina i Bělojevina.) and a bit later to the Monastery of Saint Peter and Paul in Lim (Selo u Brьskově Prostěnyje, a zaselije mu Bystrica, Dobrihьnina, Gostylovina, Stričina, Plavьkovyna, Selьca, Jasenovo, a planina mu Konь, a megja Prostěnyju otь Tare u stěnu u Pělovynu, ... ; LJS Sp., III 9 - a zaseli jemu: ... Dorbihьnina).
Dobrina u Jelcima Place 01.01.1220 The Village of Dobrina u Jelcima was given by King Stefan I to the Žiča Monastery (ZSp. 571).
Dobrinj, Island of Krk, Church of St. Vitus Place 01.01.1100 The Church of St. Vitus was consecrated in the year 1100 and was founded by a local nobleman called Dragoslav. The church was restored in the second half of the 20th century. Its a single nave edifice with a bell-tower on its Western side (similar to westwork in Carolingian architecture) and a semicircular apse on its Eastern side.
Dobrinja Place 01.01.1220 (MMS., 11 - sela Dobrin).
Dobro Place 01.01.1485 The Village of Dobro is mentioned in the year 1485 (ZSp. 778 III - I ešte priložihь što godě su imali Ostonki Ratko zь bratomь i su sinovcima Doně Dobro, ili e zemlja, ili e lozïe, ili gora, ili voda – svekoliko. A nimь dadohь zamenu šь nihь dobromь volomь na Začiru, zemlju za zemlju a lozu za lozu, dubь za dubь u věkь i u baštinu. I ešte imь otověkě darovahь edinu vodenica moju u Obodu, koja e prěma vodenici Komьske Crьkve, da budetь blagoslovenïe zameny; MMS., 531 & 532 - doně Dobro, ... na gorně Dobro).
Dobronik Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 68 karye-i Dobronik).
Dobrota Place 01.01.1351 (MMS., 151 - Dorota do Ljute)
Dobrota, Church of St. Elijah Place between 01.01.0900 and 31.12.1099 between 01.01.1430 and 31.12.1430 The Church of St. Elijah is situated in Dobrota in the Boka Kotorska. It is located within the Kotor Institute of Marine Biology (Institut za biologiju mora Kotor), the former Radoničić Palace, on the Plagenti Peninsula. It is a single nave vaulted edifice with three bays and a semicircular apse. On the West side, above a simply profiled flat architrave beam, there is a blind arch supported by consoles. In the interior, in the altar zone, traces of fresco paintings are preserved. The church was probably built in the 10th or the 11th century, while some written accounts state that it was built in the 15th century (around 1430).
Dol, Island of Brač, Church of St. Barbara Place between 01.01.1000 and 31.12.1100 The Church of St. Barbara is situated in Dol, on the Island of Brač. It was probably built at the end of the 11th or in the 12th century. Its a single nave edifice, with a rectangular apse both on the outside and the inside. The Church was renewed several times.
Dol, Island of Brač, Church of St. Michael Place between 01.01.0800 and 31.12.0900 The Church of Saint Michael is situated in Dol, on the Island of Brač and was probably built between at the end of the 9th century or the beginning of the 10th century. Its a single nave edifice, with interior that is divided into three bays, and has a semicircular apse both on the outside and the inside. It probably had a dome which was later demolished. Doorway on the South side of the Church has been walled up (only a small and narrow window was left). The main door (entrance) on the West side of the Church was made of ancient sarcophagus (with bottom side opened) and has a lunette.
Dol, Island of Brač, Church of St. Peter Place between 01.01.1000 and 31.12.1100 The Church of St. Peter is situated in Dol, on the Island of Brač. It was probably built at the end of 11th and the beginning of the 12th century. Its a single nave edifice which was modified mostly in the 14th and the 19th century. Bell tower was added in the 14th century (artwork of a certain Nikola), windows were expanded, etc.
Dol, Island of Brač, Church of St. Vitus Place 01.01.1090 The Church of St. Vitus is situated on the Island of Brač, near the village of Dol, built probably at the end of the 11th century. Its a single nave edifice with a semicircular apse, both on the inside and the outside. Remains of outer walls, traces of an altar partition and a built-in seat along the West inner part of the Church wall are still visible.
Dolac Place 01.01.1363 (AS OSp., 166 - selo Dolcь).
Dolac, Church of Bogorodica Place The Church of Bogorodica in Dolac was built between 1441-1451 (ZN 295).
Dolna Treskavica Place 15.07.1363 The Village of Dolna Treskavica was confirmed by King Uroš V to the Serbian nobleman Musa (OSp. 166).
Dom Place 01.01.1431 (SN ZSo., 389 - karye-i Dom).
Domini Place 01.01.1416 (FC CVen. di Scut., 162 - villa clamada Domini).
Donja Brezna, Stubline, 33 Tombstones Place There is a group of 33 stećak tombstones on the Stubline site near the modern Orthodox cemetery.
Donja Brezna, Three Tombstones Place There is a group of 3 stećak-type tombstones situated about 100 m southwest to the Stubline group.
Donji Humac, Island of Brač, Church of St. Elijah Place between 01.01.1000 and 31.12.1300 The Church of St. Elijah is situated in Donji Humac, on he Island of Brač. It was built probably between the 11th and 13th centuries, on the remains of a roman mausoleum. Its a single nave edifice with an apse that is rectangular on the outside and semicircular on the inside. The building is vaulted, and has niches in the walls on both sides. A lot of antique spolia have been built-in, such as some reliefs, capitals, etc.
Donji Humac, Island of Brač, Church of St. Luke Place between 01.01.1090 and 31.12.1100 The Church of St. Luke is situated in Donji Humac, on the Island of Brač. It was probably built at the end of the 11th and the beginning of the 12th century. Its a single nave vaulted edifice with interior that is divided into two bays. Semicircular apse is on the Eastern side of the Church. On the West wall of the church Davor Duvorčić once found a drawing of a ship with sails, engraved in still fresh plaster, dated at the time the Church was erected. Next to the Church is a Early Christian sarcophagus with a cross.
Donji Muć, Church of St. Peter Place between 01.01.0888 and 31.12.0888 The Church of St. Peter in Donji Muć was founded in the year 888. Its founder is a certain Branimir. The date and founder are documented by an inscription on the choir-screen: "BRANIMIRI ANNORVM XRISTI DE VERGINE CARN[em] UT SVMPS[it] S[unt] DCCCLXXX ET VIII VI QVE INDIC[tio]." In the year 1871 the remains of the Church of St. Peter were found underneath the parish church (Church of our Lady) of Muć.
Dosudje in Plav Place between 01.01.1282 and 31.12.1298 02.05.1355 The village of Dosudje in Plav was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) to the Monastery of Chilandar (U Plavě selo Dosuge i sь zaselijemь; U Plavě selo Dosugje i sь zaselïjami, SN ZSp., 390 - selo Dosug). This donation was confirmed by the Serbian Emperor Stefan Uroš IV Dušan (reigned 1331-1355) in the year 1348 (Selo u Plavě Dosuge sь planinomь i sь megjami) and again in 1355 (i u Plave selo Dosugje sь zaselinami, kako piše hrisovulь svetago kralja).
Dovolja Monastery Place The Monastery of Dovolja was mentioned in the 15th century (Enc I 616).
Draga u Jelcima Place 08.02.1314 12.03.1316 The Village of Draga was given by King Milutin to the Banska Monastery (Sp. IV 4 - I na Jelьš'cahь na Drazě zьd'ci i sь svoimь si selomь).
Dragalj, Nine Tombstones Place There is a group of nine stećak-type tombstones on a hill near Dragalj.
Dragalj, Podvrsnik, Eight Tombstones Place There is a group of eight stećak-type tombstones on the Podvrsnik site near the village Dragalj. There are also several graves with crosses.
Dramići Place 01.01.1314 The Village of Dramići was given by King Milutin to the Banjska Moanstery (Sp. IV 4 - Selo Dramiki čьto je Haračugь drьžalь i sь svoimi megjami).
Dranove Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 57 - karye-i Dranove).
Dranovice Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 62 - karye-i Dranovice).
Dračovice Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv.,33 i 38 - karye-i Dracovice)
Drenova Place 01.01.1425 (MD Kar. trg. 124, nap. 24 - ad locum qui dicitur Drinova).
Drenovac Place 01.01.1348 31.12.1348 The village of Drenovac was donated by the Serbian Emperor Stefan Uroš IV Dušan (reigned 1331-1355) to the Monastery of Chilandar (Selo Drěnovьcь, Brodьcь, Sedlarevo i sь Izbicami, i u gornjemь Polozě selo Štenče i sь Vlьkovnomь).
Drenovo (1) Place 15.07.1363 The Village of Drenovo was given to the nobleman Musa by Tsar Uroš V (OSp. 166 - selo Drěnovo).
Drisht Place between 01.01.0969 and 31.12.0976 01.01.1476 The fortified settlement of Drisht was first mentioned in the reign of John I Tzimiskes (969-976) but can be traced back to the Roman town of Drivastum; it probably even was an earlier Illyrian fortification. In 1184 the Serbian king Stefan Nemanja of Rashka conquered Drisht, after the fall of the Serbian Empire in the second half of the 14th century the town became independent and minted their own coins. From 1369 to the 14th of April 1396 the Albanian noble family of Balsha ruled Drisht until they had to cede to Venice. During the Venetian rule (1396-1404) an cistern was added to the fortress. In 1476 the Ottomans conquered the fortification and the Christian population fled to other Venetian territories, resulting in Drisht loosing its importance and diminished.
Druza Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 119 - karye-i Druza).
Dubac, Church of St. Stephen Place The building time of this church is unknown, and the church itself was destroyed during the construction of the Adriatic Highway.
Dubovo Gaje Place 01.01.1220 (MMS., 11 - Dubovo Gaje).
Dubrava, Early Christian Church Place During a survey in autumn 2022 Mihailo Popović, Johannes Tripps and Bernhard Koschiček-Krombholz came across the excavation of this Early Christian church in Dubrava. Today it is called Svi Sveti ("All Saints").
Dubrovnik Place 01.01.0900 01.01.1222 Dubrovnik, in Italian Ragusa, port of Dalmatia, in South-Eastern Croatia. Situated on the Southern Adriatic Sea coast, it is usually regarded as the most picturesque city on the Dalmatian coast and is referred to as the "Pearl of the Adriatic". Dubrovnik (derived from dubrava in Serbian/Croatian, meaning "grove") occupies a promontory jutting into the sea under the bare limestone mass of Mount Srdj. The port's sea fortifications rise directly from the water's edge, and the massive round tower (completed 1464) of the Minc̆eta Fortress dominates the city on the landward side. The old city of Dubrovnik was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979. The city was founded about 614 as Rausa, or Ragusium, by Roman refugees fleeing the Slav and Avar sack of Epidaurus, just to the South-East. A colony of Slavs soon joined the Romans there, and from an early date the city formed a link between two great civilisations. After the fall of Rome, Dubrovnik was ruled by the Byzantine Empire. From the 9th to the 12th century Dubrovnik defended itself against foreign powers, and in the period 1205 to 1358 it acknowledged Venetian suzerainty, though it retained much of its independence. The city-republic was liberal in character, affording asylum to refugees of all nations. In 1272 the city received a statute that incorporated Roman and local practices. Situated at the seaward end of overland trade routes to Byzantium and the Danube region, it became a great mercantile power. Ragusan land trade flourished throughout the Balkans. In 1420, when Dalmatia was sold to Venice, Dubrovnik remained a free city in all but name. For centuries the people of Dubrovnik were able to preserve their city-republic by skillful maneuvering between East and West. A strategic treaty with Turkey protracted Dubrovnik’s liberty and maintained the opportunity for a major trading role between the Ottoman Empire and Europe. In 1667 an earthquake destroyed parts of the city, including the cathedral and many monasteries and palaces, and killed as many as 5,000 residents. The republic did not regain its prosperity until the Napoleonic Wars. From 1800 to 1805, as the only neutral Mediterranean state, it secured a large share of the carrying trade. Napoleon I (reigned 1804-1815) subjugated Dubrovnik in 1808, and the Congress of Vienna (1815) gave Dubrovnik to Austria; in 1918 it was incorporated into Yugoslavia. (FR D., 401 - urbs Rausium; AA I, 60, nap. 2 (16) - civitate Labusedi (!), archiepiscopus appellatur Ragusinus; FŠ LPD., 320 - Ragusium appellata est. Sclavi vero(eam) Dubrovnich appellaverunt; SN ZSp., 586 - prědь Dubrovьnikomь).
Dubrovnik, Church of St. Andrew in Pile Place 01.01.0900 31.12.1000 The Church of St. Andrew is situated in Pile, in Western part of Dubrovnik, outside the city walls. It was probably built between the 10th and 11th century. Its a single nave edifice with three bays and a dome. After the establishment of an independent chaplaincy at the parish of St. Michael in 1512, the early medieval church served as the presbytery of a larger church building. Today from the original medieval Church of St. Andrew, the Eastern wall with the apse has been largely preserved while the rest of the building has been remodeled.
Dubrovnik, Church of St. Blaise (St. Mary) in Pustijerna Place between 01.01.0972 and 01.01.1020 between 01.01.1060 and 31.12.1171 The Church of St. Blaise (St. Blaise/Sv. Vlaho is a patron saint of the city) is situated North of Pustijerna in Dubrovnik. It was built in 972 after the saint miraculously saved the city. In the 12th century a new edifice was built (on the grounds of previous one) dedicated to St. Mary, on the request of its ktetor King Richard of England and a first mass was held in 1197. Under the floor of today's baroque cathedral the remains of the early medieval Church of St. Blaise were found, preserved to a height of about 2 m. Even though researchers disagree over the original plan of the Church it was probably a three nave basilica with a dome, that has been expanded over time. Three phases of construction of the early medieval Church have been established, in 972, around 1020 and in 1060. Later, in 1171 a new Church dedicated to St. Mary was built. Also, remains of stone furnishings and sculpture have been found, as well as fragments of fresco decoration.
Dubrovnik, Church of St. John in Pustijerna (Gospa od Karmena) Place The Church of St. John (sancto Johanni de Papiss) as located in the far eastern part of Pustijerna in Dubrovnik (the southeastern fortress is named after the Church) and in the 17th century, over the remains of the Church, a new building was erected - Gospa od Karmena. Its was a single nave building with an apse (semicircular on the inside and rectangular on the outside), built probably in the 9th century and in the 11th century, with the addition of lesenes and girdles in the interior, it became a vaulted edifice. In the 13th century the Church was extended on its Western side. In the 17th century, a new building was erected on the grounds of the former, now destroyed, Church of St. Ivan. Numerous fragments of stone decoration were found during archaeological investigations.
Dubrovnik, Church of St. Luke Place between 01.01.1100 and 31.12.1150 The Church of St. Luke was probably built in the first half of the 12th century. It is now part of a larger Gothic church.
Dubrovnik, Church of St. Nicholas in Prijeko Place between 01.01.1000 and 31.12.1050 The Church of St. Nicholas is situated on the North-Eastern part of Dubrovnik, in Prijeko, on a very important urban point and on a cliff that rose steeply above the lowland part (campus). It is also known by different names such as Ecclesia S. Nicole de Campo, appresa Doghana, Saneto Nicola de piazza or Saneto Nicola in salinize, because in the 14th century was built another Church dedicated to St. Nicholas. The Church of St. Nicholas in Dubrovnik is mentioned around 1100 in connection with the war between Dubrovnik and the Serbian King Konstantin Bodin (reigned 1081- ca. 1099). It's a single nave building with four bays and a dome, similar to the Church of St. Peter in Omiš. Its apse is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. The walls of the apse and dome were decorated with shallow semicircural niches. In the course of time the Church was rebuilt several times. The northern lateral nave was annexed to the original pre-Romanesque church and the altar area was rebuilt. The southern side, dome and apse still have shallow decorative niches.
Dubrovnik, Church of St. Peter Place 01.01.0998 31.12.0999 The Church of St. Peter is situated in Dubrovnik,East of the byzantine castle (Castello), and was probably built at the end of the 10th century and is the oldest cathedral in the city. The cathedral complex has not survived, and what has remained is the crypt that now lies underneath the Baroque Church of St. Catherine. The oldest mention of the Church is in the document from 1386. By the 16th century the Church was altered, especially after the earthquake in 1667 when it was rebuilt and incorporated into the new Church of St. Catherine. During the 19th century the Church has undergone significant changes. The Church was a three nave basilica with a transept and a dome, with an apse on the East side which is rectangular on the outside and semicircular on the inside, with a crypt bellow the apse and the nave. Some researchers assumed that the narthex on the West side was framed by bell towers. Therefore its an edifice with a strong Byzantine and Western (Romanesque) influence. The facade was divided by shallow niches. Numerous stone church furnishing including capitals, pilasters, lintels, ciborium, altar screen, etc. has been found testifying the time of the construction.
Dubrovnik, Church of St. Stephen Place between 01.01.0770 and 31.12.1000 31.12.1200 The Church of St. Stephen was, according to local tradition, the first Church built in Dubrovnik. This would date its construction to the 8th century. It was first mentioned by Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus's (reigned 913-959) 'De administrando imperio' in 949, indicating that the Church is situated in the center of the city housing the remains of St. Pancras. It is a single-nave edifice with an apse semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. It was built probably in the 8th and 10th century, and later in the so-called Romanesque period, 11th and 13th century, the Church was extended on its Eastern and Western part. On the inner side of the north and south walls a clear division between these two construction phases can be seen. Fragments of stone sculpture has been found and is dated widely - from the 8th to the beginning of the 12th century. Extensions continued in the late medieval and early modern period changing the overall appearance of the Church. After a massive earthquake in 1667 the Church was severely damaged and was never restored.
Dubrovnik, Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian Place between 01.01.0900 and 01.01.1050 between 31.12.1250 and 31.12.1700 The Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian (today's Church of St. Bartola) is situated within the complex of the Bishops Palace (Palace Sarkočević) in Dubrovnik. It was probably built in the 10th or the beginning of the 11th century. According to an inscription from 1749 at the side entrance of the building near the Church we are familiar with the former dedication of the Church. In the 11th century the Church was given to the Benedictines and was demolished in the 13th century. The Church was a single nave vaulted building similar to the Church of St. Peter and Paul in Mljet and St. Philip and Jacob in Pelješac. On the west facade of today's church of St. Bartola remained a fully preserved decorated portal that originally belonged to the Church of St. Cosmas and Damian. At the end of the 18th century, the Sorkočević Palace was built next to the Church of St. Bartola.
Dubrovnik, St. Mary of Castellum (Sv. Marija od Kaštela) Place 01.01.0800 31.12.1100 The Church of St. Mary of Castellum (Sv. Marija od Kaštela) is situated in the South-Western part of Dubrovnik. The original appearance and typical affiliation of the pre-Romanesque church of St. Mary is not known. Based on the decorative features of the pilaster above the entrance door and another with a cross motif, the Church can be dated to the end of the 8th or the beginning of the 9th century. The Church probably turned into a cathedral when it was built to the South side next to the smaller and older church of St. Sergius and Bacchus (built in the 6th century). Some researchers suggest that it is possible that the current chapel dedicated to St. Mary, in the monastery complex, is actually a former Church of St. Mary. In the 12th century it became a Benedictine monastery.
Dubrovnik, the Sigurata Church in Prijekom Place between 01.01.0900 and 31.12.1075 The Sigurata Church is located in the northwestern part of the Prijeko area, in the historic center of Dubrovnik, near the Franciscan monastery. Today it's part of the nunnery of the Franciscan school sisters. The name Sigurata comes from the Latin name for the Transfiguration of the Lord - Transfiguratio Domini. It was a single nave edifice with a dome. The building was divided into three bays with semicircular vaults and an apse that is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. Today, the Church is a three-nave building as a result of the last major reconstruction that took place after the earthquake in 1667. Two aisles were added and connection with the side aisles was established by removing the walls between the girders in all three aisles. Research in the 20th century identified two older phases of construction. The first points to the crossroads of late antiquity and the early Middle Ages (from the 6th to the 8th century), the second to the early Middle Ages (9th century), while the pre-Romanesque single-nave building with a dome probably dates from the 10th or the 11th century. The church changed after that, and it probably got three naves even before the great earthquake. Fragments of fresco decoration probably date in the 14th century. It recalls characteristics of the Churches of St. Peter in Omiš, St. Nicholas in Dubrovnik and St. Michael in Ston.
Duga Place 01.01.1485 (BĐ Iz Ist., 198 - sa selom Duga).
Dukat Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 39 - karye-i Dukat).
Dumljani Place According to Aleksandar Loma, the toponym "Dumljani" derived from the Latin "Delminium, Delminum" and the ethnonym "Delmatae, Dalmatae".
Dunave, Church of St. Mary (Male Gospe) Place 01.01.1000 The Church of St. Mary (Male Gospe) is located to the East of the settlement of Dunave in the parish of Mrcina. The church was severely damaged by an earthquake in 1979, and a new church was built in its place in 1982. A fragment with Glagolitic letters, carved by a certain Goneslav, was discovered among the building material of the old church, making it the oldest historical source about the church. The original ground plan of the early medieval church, from which the inscription originates, is not known.
Dupila Place between 01.01.1233 and 31.12.1233 between 01.01.1242 and 31.12.1242 The village of Dupila is mentioned between the years 1233 and 1242 (MS 26 - medu Dupilou).
Dušmeni Place 01.01.1404 (AA II, 751 (232) - quondam Dusmani).
Dvorište Place 08.02.1314 12.03.1316 According to the edition of the charter and the secondary literature it is unclear, whether dvorište is a place name or a farmstead. For the time being, we consider it to be a toponym. The hamlet of Dvorište is mentioned in 1314 (Sp. IV 4 - i nis' potokь u rěku konь dvorišta u Gorije čelo...).
Elbasan, Lower Town Place 01.01.1466 01.01.1513 (H. Ruvarac, Stadt Konuch in der Serb. Annalen, Archiv für Slavische Philologie XVII, 1895, 568-572, ĆT TSSp., 142 - gradь rekomi Konjuhь, i sьzida Novi Gradь; una colonia, chiamata Valnia; del sangiaco di Elbasan).
Elbasan, Monastery of St. Jovan Vladimir Place 01.01.1381 (AA II, 375 (89) - crьkvu svetago Iōana Vladimira).
Elbasan, Upper Town Place between 01.01.0001 and 31.12.0199 Elbasan was probably founded during the 1st or 2nd century on the Via Egnatia. It was fortified in the 4th century and pillaged by the Goths during the 5th century. Also some churches were built during the time. After 519, when Scampis was mentioned as a bishopric, the town fades from sources. It was rebuilt in the year 1466 by Sultan Mehmed II., while the siege of Kruja, and called Il-basan.
Epikaria Place 01.01.1330 The village of Epikaria was situated in the area of the modern Albanian village of Puka (AA I, in the added maps).
Ferca Place 01.01.1343 (AA I, 834 (254) - hibernis ... Pherza).
Fleti Place between 01.01.1400 and 31.12.1499 The castle of Fleti was probably built in the 15th century, although some researchers suggest a building in 1281. The castle consisted of two towers connected by walls. One of the towers lays in ruins and the wall has disappered. This castle was used to secure the road to Gjakova.
Fortification of Selo Place 01.01.0500 The fortified settlement of Selo was abandoned during the time of the Roman Empire, but was resettled in the 6th century after the Slavic invasion.
Fortifications on Trajan Mountain and Mok Hill Place The fortifications on Trajan Mountain and Mok Hill were probably built in the early iron age and continously used during ancient and medieval periods. It probably could be identified with the town Diabolis which was an important base for the wars of Basileus IV the Bulgar Slayer in his wars against the Greater Bulgarian Empire. Maybe Alexios I Komnenos also used it in his wars agains the Normans of Robert Guiscard in 1108. The fortification was probably abandoned in the late medieval age in favour of the newly founded town of Voskopoja.
Gabrili, Church of St. Demetrius Place 01.01.1090 01.12.1100 The Church of Saint Demetrius in Gabrili, in the Kanali (Konavli) region, was possibly built in the late 11th century, although it has parts which date back to the 9th century. It makes it the oldest preserved Church in Konavli. Its a single nave edifice, with a quadrilateral apse on its Eastern side, which makes her similar (in plan) to the Church of St. Michael the Archangel in Ston (without a dome). The facade is decorated with rosettes. The Church fell to ruins at an unknown date.
Gaduči Place 01.01.1416 (FC CVen. di Scut., 161 - villa clamada Gaduci)
Gebanci Place 01.01.1444 (SLj List., IX, 204 - villa ... Gebanzi).
Genemi Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 103 - karye-i Gönömi).
Gerice Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., - karye-i Görice).
German Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 88 - karye-i German)
Gjirokastra Place Gjirokastra was first mentioned in 1388-1389 because of a rebellion against Byzantine rule. Gjirokastra was part of the faciton which supported Andronikos III (sic! Karaiskaj). In the second half of the 14th century, Gjirokastra was ruled by the Albanian noble family of Zenebisi. In 1399 Despot Esau unsuccessfully besieged Gjirokastra. In 1418 the town was ceded to the Ottoman Empire.
Glavati Place 01.01.1438 (RK S KŽSTK., I, 153 - Glavati, Glavaeti)
Glavotok, Island of Krk, Church of Saint Chrsysogonus Place 01.01.1100 The Church of St. Chrsysogonus (Sv. Krševan) was built at the end of the 11th century. It was a pilgrimage church for fishermen and sailors. The church is still sometimes in use.
Glboko Place 01.01.1314 The Hamlet of Glboko was mentioned in the year 1314 (Sp IV 2 - selo Glьbokō; LjK Sp., IV, 2 - selo Glьbokō).
Glisnica, Podglavica, 22 Tombstones Place According to Šefik Bešlagić, 22 tombstones of stećak type are to be found on a hill near the hamlet Podglavica in the vicinity of Glisnica. There is a modern Orthodox cemetery next to the site.
Glisnica, Čardak, Necropolis with Four Tombstones Place Šefik Bešlagić mentions a necropolis on the Čardak site near the hamlet Rovići with four stećak-type tombstones.
Gluha Vas Place 01.01.1314 01.01.1448 The Village of Gluha Vas was given in the year 1314 by King Milutin to the Banjsko Monastery (SP IV 2 - I Gluha vьsь, kolo v'se i sь rudari; i dohod'ke da daju cr(ь)kvi kako su davali kral(jevь)s(t)v(u) mi; LjK Sp., IV, 9 - u Gluha Vьsь; DA L. de F., 21, 294 - Gluchauiza).
Gluhi Dol Place 01.01.1371 (AA II, 274 (63) - de Çetta da Gluchi Dol)
Glušci Place 01.01.1314 The Village of Glušci was given at the 15th of july 1363 by Tsar Uroš to the Serbian nobleman Musa (OSp 167).
Gluščevina, Necropolis with 13 Tombstones Place There is a necropolis with 13 stećak-type tombstones on a hill near the village Gruščevina.
Gluščevina, Runjava glavica, Nine Tombstones Place There are nine tombstones of stećak-type on the Runjava glavica hill near the village Gruščevina.
Gnila Place 01.01.1220 (MMS., 11 - sela ... Gьnila).
Godinje Place 01.01.1234 31.12.1242 The village of Godinje was donated by King Vladislav Nemanjić (reigned 1233/1234-1241/1242) to the Monastery of Sveti Nikola (Daju selo svetomu Nikolě Godynje sь Rěkovь). (MMS., 26 - Godynje sь Rěkovь)
Goličь in Gorska Župa Place 01.01.1220 31.12.1220 The village of Goličь in Gorska Župa was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Prvovenčani (reigned 1196-1227) to the Monastery of Žiča (A se u Zetě sela: Trěbole, Plavnici, u Gorskoi Župě Goličь).
Golubovci Place 01.01.1347 31.12.1348 The village of Golubovci was donated by the Serbian Emperor Stefan Uroš IV Dušan (reigned 1331-1355) to the Monastery of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel near Prizren (Gk XV 293).
Gorane Place 01.01.1330 (MSM Gl., XII, 30 - selo Gorane).
Goransko, Monastery of Piva, 20 Tombstones Place There are 20 stećak tombstones incorporated in the walls of the church of the monastery of Piva, which were probably part of a former necropolis that existed here before the church was built.
Goransko, Sinjac, Necropolis with 16 Tombstones Place On the Sinjac site near Goransko, there is a necropolis with 16 stećak-type tombstones.
Goražde Place 01.01.1314 31.12.1314 The village of Goražde was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) to the Monastery of Banjska (Sp IV 4 - I u Budimli selo Goražde).
Goražde, Church of St. Nikolina Place The Church of St. Nikolina was situated within the boundaries of the Village of Goražde (Sp IV 4).
Gorica Place 01.01.1387 (AA II, 347, nap (81) - Sancta Maria de Goriç de Ludrino).
Goričani Place 25.11.1442 01.01.1451 The village of Goričani is mentioned in 1442. It is here that the Serbian Princess Jelena Balšić (1366/71-1443) wrote her testament (SLj List. IX, 408 - quinque catonis ... Gorizane).
Gornja Brezna, Ten Tombstones Place Next to the Orthodox church and an abandoned cemetery in the village itself, there is a group of ten stećak-type tombstones. This is a remnant of a former large necropolis.
Gornji Matejevac, Latin Church Place 01.01.1070 The Church in situated in Gornji Matejevac, near the city of Niš. It is a single-nave building in the shape of a concise elongated inscribed cross (divided into three bays) with a dome. The dome is octagonal on the outside, with four windows. The later added narthex leans against its Western side, and occupies a slightly smaller area than the nave. To the East is a semicircular altar apse, vaulted with a semi-calotte. The Church got its name 'Latin' in the 16th century when the Catholics (people from Dubrovnik, the Latins) were using it.
Gostila Place 01.01.1233 (MMS., 18 - ōtь Gostila).
Gostilje Place 01.01.1314 31.12.1314 The village of Gostilje appears in an unreliable charter of Saint Sava (ca. 1175-1236) for the Monastery in Vranjina (SSS 198). The Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282–1321) mentions two places with this name in 1314 (Sp. IV 5 - Sel'ca. Sela: Dinoše, Hrastije u Podlužii, Godilje, Žaborovo, Gostilje i drugo Gostilja).
Gostilovina in Brskovo Place between 01.01.1253 and 31.12.1253 between 01.01.1264 and 31.12.1264 The village of Gostilovina in Brskovo was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš I (reigned 1243-1276) to the Monastery of the Holy Mother of God in Ston (A se selo u Brьskově Prostěnije, Stryčina, Gostilovina, Bys'trica, a zaselije mu Dobrih'nina i Bělojevina.) and a bit later as a hamlet to the Monastery of Saint Peter and Paul in Lim (Selo u Brьskově Prostěnyje, a zaselije mu Bystrica, Dobrihьnina, Gostylovina, Stričina, Plavьkovyna, Selьca, Jasenovo, a planina mu Konь, a megja Prostěnyju otь Tare u stěnu u Pělovynu, ...).
Goševo Place 01.01.1314 The Village of Goševo was given by King Milutin to the Banjskoj Monastery (SP IV 4 - I pod Jelečemь selo Goševo...).
Grab Place between 01.01.1321 and 31.12.1336 (MMS., 114 - na Grabь).
Grab, Biokovac, 27 Tombstones Place In the hamlet of Biokovac there is a necropolis with 27 stećak tombstones.
Grabovnica Place between 01.01.1429 and 31.12.1430 The Village of Grabovnica was given by the Serbian Nobleman Radič Postupović to the Church of the Holy Mother of God (ZSp 336 - ... pišetь gospodьstvo ni vь cvěděnïe vьsěmь po prěstavljenïi blagočьstivago i hristoljubivago gospodina i roditelja moego svetopočivšago despota Stefana prišьdьšu mi vь bogodarovanuju mi zemlju gospodьstva srьbskago i preěeminku mi byvšu drьžavy i prěstola ego, kako prïide prědь gospodsvto ni počtenïi i věrny vlastelinь gospodstva ni velikyi čelnikь Radičь, i iznese hrisovulь svetopočivšago gospodina i roditelja moego despota Stefana što jestь tomu-zi zapisalь crьkovь Blagověštenïe prečistïe vladičice naše Bogorodice ma rěcě glagoljeměi Grabovnica, što si je sьzidalь svoimь trudomь).
Grad in Plav Place 01.01.1330 31.12.1330 The Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski (reigned 1322-1331) donated the village of Grad in Plav to the Monastery of Dečani (DH 73 – Selo u plavě grad).
Gradac (1) Place 01.01.1314 31.12.1314 The village of Gradac is mentioned within the border description of the village of Goražde in 1314 (Sp IV 4 - i u Gradačьcь).
Gradac (2) Place 01.01.1330 31.12.1330 The village of Gradac is mentioned in 1330 as a reference to the boundary description of the Village of Komovi in the boundary description of Dobra Reka (DH 75 – a komoma međa do gradьčkoga hrisovulja).
Gradac (3) Place 01.01.1431 (KS KŽSK. I, 176 - Medos Obriechevich de Gradas)
Gradac (Porphyregenetos) Place 01.01.0948 01.01.0952 Gradac was mentioned by Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenetos in his text "De administrando imperio" as one of three Slavonic towns in Duklja. Mijesević and Kovačević suggest a localisation near Berane (Ivangrad) or the Old Town of Budva.
Gradac Monastery, Church of the Annunciation of the Holy Mother of God Place 01.01.1277 31.12.1282 The Gradac Monastery is situated in the region of Ras on the river Ibar and on the slopes of Mount Golija. It was founded by the Serbian Queen Jelena Anžujska (ca. 1230-1314), as stated by her biographer the Serbian Archbishop Danilo II (ca. 1270/75-1337) (Danilo 75-80). She was buried in this church in 1314. Even though the church belongs to the Raška style, it also has very distinct gothic elements. As such, this church represents a fine example of Western and Eastern influences merged in one edifice. It is a single nave edifice with an octagonal dome. The narthex has two paracclesions that resemble the Žiča Monastery, but also the Studenica Monastery (as seen in one paracclesion which is dedicated to St. Simeon Nemanja and in the arrangement of certain painted themes). Under the roof is a series of arcades with consoles. The church has rich sculptural and fresco decoration. The largest part of the interior of the edifice is made of marble (especially visible in the altar screen). Out of two marble sarcophagi, one belongs to the Serbian Queen Jelena Anžujska.
Gradac, Church of St. Nicholas Place The Church of St. Nicholas is situated in Gradac and was built somewhat before the Church of the Annunciation in Gradac. It is a single nave edifice with rectangular apse. The church was fresco painted in the 14th century. In the 19th century the frescoes have been painted over.
Gradac, Gornji Grac, Four Tombstones Place Šefik Bešlagić locates a necropolis with four tombstones of stećak type in "Gornji Grac" (here considered as a derivate of Gornji Gradac). His localisation is specified as being "next to the house of Meho Mašović, below the road, on the left bank of Čehotina".
Grahovo Place 01.01.1413 (DA L. de F., 3, 68 - in Gracovo).
Grahovo, Petkovići, Necropolis with 21 Tombstones Place There is a necropolis with 21 stećak-type tombstones situated on three tumuli near the hamlet Petkovići in the village Grahovo.
Grahovo, Six Tombstones Place There are six stećak-type tombstones near the Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas in Grahovo. Five of these specimens were integrated into the church walls.
Grampsi Place 01.01.1416 (FC CVen. di Scut., 143 - villa clamada Grampsi)
Gramši Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 87 - karye-i Gramşi)
Grazhdan Fortress Place The Grazhdan Fortress was a late antique fortified settlement which probably can be identified as the town of Dober. In the 11th and 12th century, one of the fortresses towers was reused as a church.
Gračanica Place The Village of Gračanica was donated by King Stefan I to the Monastery of Žiča (ZSp. 571).
Gračanica, Church of the Dormition of the Mother of God Place between 01.01.0550 and 31.12.1321 The Gračanica Monastery is situated near Lipljan, in Kosovo. It was built by King Milutin and his wife Simonida in 1321, on the grounds of an late antique three-nave basilica from the 6th century. The Church is in the form of a double inscribed cross, with a dome which rests on on four free-standing pillars and three-sided apses (altar, diaconicon and prothesis). Above the spaces between the cross-shafts are four smaller domes. Narthex and a tower on the West were damaged between 1379 and 1383 by the Turk invasions. In 1383 the narthex was reconstructed. The exonarthex was built at the end of the 14th century. The Church was fresco painted in 1321-1322 and has been well preserved to this day, including famous portraits of the ktetors. In the 16th century exonarthex was painted, as commissioned by Patriarch Makarije Sokolović. Numerous icons, dated 16-19th century are still kept in Gračanica.
Grnčarevo Place 01.01.1330 (MSM GL., XII, 41 - selo Grьn'čarjevo)
Grnčarevo Place 01.01.1330 31.12.1330 The village of Grnčarevo was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski (reigned 1321-1331) to the Monastery of Dečani in the year 1330 (DH 75 – Selo grnčarevo).
Gruemira Place 01.01.1416 (FC CVen. di Scut., 88 i 109 - villa clamada Grouemira Grandi i Grouemiri Pizoli)
Gugal u Moravicama Place 01.01.1405 The Village of Gugal u Moravicama was given by the Despot Stefan Lazarević to the Mileševo Monastery (ZSp 607 I - ... Priložihь monastiru gospodina mi svetago Savy iže vь Milěševe petь selь u Moravicahь, imže imena sïa: dva Guglja, tretïe Hrasno Polje, četvrьti Šemgonь, peto Rupeljevo).
Gumenice Place 01.01.1431 (HI SDSArv., 35 - karye-i Gumenice).
Gurdić (Kotor), Franciscan Monastery, Church of St. Mary Place 01.01.1288 The Franciscan Monastery in Gurdić in the city of Kotor was built by the Serbian Queen Jelena Anžujska (ca. 1230-1314) in 1288, when she brought the Franciscans from Dubrovnik to Kotor. Today in ruins (only the foundations remain), it was a single nave edifice with rectangular apse. It probably had a Gothic vault. On the Northern side was a sacristy with an apse (semicircular on the inside and three-sided on the outside. The monastery was ruined by the Venetians in the 17th century.
Gusinje Place 01.01.1330 31.12.1330 The village of Gusinje is mentioned in the year 1330 in the boundary description of Grnčarevo as reference to a Charter to the Monastery of Sv Stefan (DH 75 – A z gusinom međa uz hrisovulj svetostefanski, MSM Gl., XII 42 - megja z Gusinomь).
Gusino Place 01.01.1314 31.12.1314 The village of Gusino was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin (reigned 1282-1321) to the Monastery of Banjska (Sp IV 5 - Selo Gusino i s planinami).
Gvočanica Place 01.01.1220 The Village of Gvočanica was given by King Stefan the Firstcrowned to the Monastey of Žiča (ZSp 571 - ... na krьmu i na odějanije služeštimь mi svetomu hramu semu: selo Talьsko i sь Ratinovь i sь Zaklopitovь Lukovь, Topolьica sь Vojušami, Ribьnica i sьvsěmi obьršьmi i sь Brěnovь, Žiča sь Batinomь, Ribizi sь Črьnovь Rěkomь, Tlьsto Brьdo sь Rašьkimь Dělomь i sь Štitarinovь, Pěšьčanica vьsa sь Pěčanomь, Bukovica, Grahovišta vьsa, Svinьci, Gračanica, Radievo, Konarevo, Črьnjave sь Sěrčovь, Brěstnica, sь trьgomь, Svibnica sь Okruglomь, Bobole sь Čečinomь, Gvočanica sь Pupavnimi). The village is identified with the modern Village of Gokčanica.
Hadrianopolis Place The town of Hadrianopolis was abandoned in the 4th century during the Goth invasion of Epirus and resettled and refortified in the 6th century.
Herceg Novi Place 01.01.1382 The Bosnian king Tvrtko I founded Herceg Novi in the župa of Dračevica. After Tvrtkos death Sandalj Hranić ruled over Herceg Novi, his son had to defend the town of Herceg Novi against the Ottomans in 1475, however Herceg Novi falls under Ottoman rule in 1481.
Himara Place 01.01.0500 Himara was first mentioned as Chimaera by plinius in the 2nd century BCE. In the 6th century, the fortified settlement of Himara was mentioned by Procopius. The town was part of the archdiocese of Naupaktos in the 9th century, and in the 10th century it became part of the archiocese of Ohrid. During the War between the Normans and Byzantines Himara was an important Byzantine military base. As many other towns in Albania also Himara was ruled by the Anjou in the aftermath of the fourth crusade. In 1338-1339, Himara was supporting Andronikos III. King Alfonso V sent Catalans to Himara to defend the town against the Ottomans. The Ottomans got sovereignty over Himara in 1479 because of the peace treaty with Venice, only to loose the town to Skanderbeg. After the Ottomans defeated Skanderbeg, they destroyed the castle of Himara.
Hotiš Place 01.01.1314 31.12.1314 The village of Hotiš is mentioned in 1314 (Sp. IV 6 - u Hotišь).
Hrasno Polje Place 01.01.1405 The Village of Hrasno Polje was given by despot Stefan Lazarević to the Milesevo Monastery (ZSp 607 I - ... Priložihь monastiru gospodina mi svetago Savy iže vь Milěševe petь selь u Moravicahь, imže imena sïa: dva Guglja, tretïe Hrasno Polje, četvrьti Šemgonь, peto Rupeljevo).
Hrvati Place 15.07.1363 The Village of Hrvati was confirmed by Tsar Uroš V to the Serbian nobleman Musa (OSp. 166).
Hvosno, Monastery of the Mother of God Place between 01.01.1220 and 31.12.1230 Monastery of the Mother of God in Hvosno is situated 20km from Peć, not for from the village called Studenica, which is why this place is known by the name Studenica Hvostanska or Little Studenica. This cult place was known from the Early Christian period with the remains of a three-nave basilica that was discovered in its close proximity. During the founding of the autocephalous Serbian archbishopric in 1219, the seat of the sixth (Hvostanska), of the seven Serbian bishoprics, was located here. At that time the Monastery was erected. In the 14th century it became a metropolitan archdiocese. After 1690 (the First Great Migration of the Serbs) this place was abandoned and destroyed. The material from the Monastery was used in the construction of mosques and other buildings. The building was erected following the plan of the Žiča Monastery, probably around 1220. It was a single nave edifice with three bays and a dome, an apse that was semicircular on the inside and rectangular on the outside and a narthex with two bays. In 1230 (when the temple was about to become a cathedral seat of the Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Hvosno), following the ground plan of the Žiča Monastery, two paracclesia were added on the Northern and Southern sides of the narthex, two towers with chapels (each had an apse) and exonarthex with six bays. Some researchers believe there was a catechumeneon at the upper floor of the exonarthex. The Church is in compliance with the Raška architecture. In the Monastery researchers found remains of the dwelling-house, fortifications, nearby cemetery and a cast bell in which two shrouds were hidden (one from the 14th century and the other from the 16th century, the work of the famous artist monk Longin). Both are being kept in the treasury of the Patriarchate of Peć (Peć Monastery).
Island of Biševo, Church of St. Silvester Place 01.01.1050 The Church of St. Silvester was probably built shortly before 1050 on the grounds of a late antique edifices (probably from the 1st and from the 6th century). Additional parts were erected in the 14th century.
Island of Brač, Selca, Church of St. Nicholas Place between 01.01.1050 and 31.12.1100 The Church of St. Nicholas was probably built between the years 1050 and 1100. It recalls characteristics of the Church of St. Peter in Omiš. Its a single nave building, with three bays and a dome, situated above the middle bay, which is rectangular on the outside. Apse is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside The facade has no decoration.
Island of Koločep, Church near the Jekavac bay (St. George?) Place between 01.01.0500 and 31.12.0900 between 01.01.1300 and 31.12.1400 The Church near the Jekavac bay of unknown dedication (perhaps St. George?) is a single nave buildings of three-aisled vaulted division, probably with a dome over the middle vaulted field, and an apse (semicircular on the inside, and rectangular on the outside) The building belonged to a typical variant of churches with niches on the inside and bare surfaces on the outside. Some researchers believe it was built on the grounds of a Roman and later Early Christian edifice. The assumption that an Early Medieval Church was created by adapting an earlier Early Christian building is supported by the unusual thickness of the walls. The different way of masonry on certain parts of the wall speaks in favor of the dating of the subsequent intervention in the 14th or 15th century.
Island of Koločep, Church of St. Barbara in Borje (Gospa Nuncijata) Place between 01.01.0800 and 31.12.0900 31.12.1100 The remains of the Church of St. Barbara are located above the eastern ridge of Gornje Čelo, south of the road leading from Dinkovo Selo to Rajić's house, in an area called Borje. V. Lisičar was the first to mention the Church indicating that its other dedication was Gospa Nuncijata or Gospa Navještenja (Church of the Annunciation). Unfortunately, the results of the research, conducted in 1975, have not been published yet so we don't have enough information regarding this Church. The Church is a single nave edifice with a dome, with an apse which is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. It was probably build sometime between 9th and 11th century.
Island of Koločep, Church of St. Michael Place 01.01.1000 31.12.1330 The Church of St. Michael is situated on Island of Koločep, dated in the 11th century. Some researchers believe the ktetor was Queen Helen (Jelena) wife of King Zvonimir and sister of Hungarian King Ladislav. Today it is left in ruins. Its a single nave building with three bays, probably with a dome and an apse that is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. Its facade was dissected by shallow blind niches. Side walls probably had lesenes connected by a series of blind arcades. After collecting fragments all over the island, the altar screen was finally reconstructed showing, in relief, an image of Archangel Michael and a partially preserved inscription. Most researchers recognized Byzantine influence.
Island of Koločep, Church of St. Nicholas (St. Vitus) Place between 01.01.0800 and 31.12.1000 The Church of St. Nicholas is situated on a small plateau, halfway between Donje and Gornje Čelo. It was probably built between the 9th and the 11th century. Judging by the archival documentation from the 13th century, the Church was dedicated to Saint Vitus. On the other hand, fresco decoration indicates othervise. Its a single nave edifice with a dome on pendantives, an apse which is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside and has facade divided by lesenes. Inside, the edifice is divided with two lesenes in three bays. Fragments of the original doorpost decorated with a motif of double three-bar knots have been found, and were later used as building material. Parts of the altar screen, that probably belonged to the original Church, are decorated with various braided motifs of geometric design. Remains of early medieval frescoes, that date to the end of the 11th century, represent figures of saints and have been preserved on the walls and on the vaults of the Church. Some researchers have found stylistic similarities with frescoes of the Church of St. John (Ivan) on the Island of Šipan. On the Western side of the Church is a bell-tower with a bronze bell made in the 16th century by Ivan Krstitelj Rabljanin, which was brought from the Church of St. Mary in Donje Čelo in the 20th century. Thorough conservation and archeological works were carried out in the 20th century so the Church of St. Nicholas is still in use, primarily as a cemetery church.
Island of Koločep, Church of St. Peter Place 01.01.1000 The remains of the Church of St. Peter are situated at the Eastern side of the Island of Koločep. In historical documents from the 13th to the 17th century the Church is mentioned as ecclesia s. Petri sita in insula Calamote. Today only the Northern wall has been preserved. The researchers believe that it was a single nave edifice built probably in the 11th century.
Island of Koločep, Church of St. Sergius Place between 01.01.0800 and 01.01.0900 31.12.1100 The Church of St. Sergius was probably built at the end of the 11th century, even though Ivica Žile supposes it might have been built between the 9th and 10th century judging by the remains of an altar, pillar and a capital. The Church is nowadays almost completely ruined. Its a single nave building with an apse that is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. There is no information about the dome nor about the girders that would divide the three-bay vault, but by analogy with other preserved Churches of the same type on the island (St. Nicholas and St. Anthony of Padua) its original existence can be assumed. The South wall is preserved best, at the height of approximately 3m, and has on its central bay a niche. In the 12th century on the South side of the church a parallel room was added, and on the North side - a cistern.
Island of Koločep, Gornje Čelo, Church of St. Anthony of Padua Place between 01.01.0800 and 31.12.1000 31.12.1350 The exact date of the construction of the Church of St. Anthony of Padua is not known, probably some time between the 9th and the 11th century. Also, the Church was probably originally dedicated to some other saint since Saint Anthony of Padua comes from the Franciscan order in the 13th century. Its a single nave building with a dome, with an apse that is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. The Church also has gothic elements such as a gothic arches and vaults which led researchers to believe that it was finished in the 14th century, at which time it received a new dedication to Saint Anthony of Padua. The dome, which is built over the widest central field, rests on four arches with which it is connected by pendetives. It is rectangular on the outside. The bell-tower is on the Western side of the Church.
Island of Korčula, Zablaće, Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian Place 01.01.1100 between 31.12.1200 and 31.12.1300 The Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian is situated in Zablaće, near Blato, on the Island of Korčula. Its a single nave edifice dated in the 12th century. It underwent several restorations such as changing the vault in the gothic manner, in the 13th century, after the original collapsed for unknown reasons. The restorations greatly altered the exterior of the church, while the plan of the church remained unchanged. On the facades are narrow, high niches on its lateral walls, and a shallow porch in front of its western entrance, with a visible tendency towards verticality.
Island of Lastovo, Church of St. Cyprian Place between 01.01.1000 and 31.12.1100 31.12.1639 The Church of St. Cyprian on the Island of Lastovo is situated at the top of a hill, above Skrivena Luka. Its a single nave edifice with a semicircular apse built in the 11th century and was restored multiple times starting from 1639.
Island of Lastovo, Church of St. George Place 01.01.1050 31.12.1100 The Church of St. George (Sv. Juraj) on the Island of Lastovo is situated on Prežba (Priježba, Priještap), in the bay Veljem Lag. It was ruined in the Second World War. It is a single nave building, similar to the Church of St. Luke, built probably in the second half of the 11th century. It has a semicircular apse on the outside and lesenes in the interior which supported the vault. It had a narrow lintel covered with a semicircular gable by which it differed from all Lastovo churches. At the end of the 19th century was in a dilapidated condition. Then Bishop Gjivoje built a rest house next to it and a private chapel that still stands today.
Island of Lastovo, Church of St. Luke Place 01.01.1000 31.12.1100 The Church of St. Luke on the Island of Lastovo was built in the 11th century and is the oldest preserved Church on the island. Its a single nave building built of irregular stones. A constructive arch is inscribed on its Western façade (probably in the 19th century), and on the side walls are three lesenes connected with arches. An apse on its Eastern end is rectangular on the outside and has a niche, while it is semicircular inside. It has similarities with the Church of St. John (Sveti Ivan) on the Island of Šipan.
Island of Lastovo, Church of St. Peter in Ubli Place between 01.01.0400 and 01.01.0500 31.12.1000 The Church of St. Peter is situated in on the Island of Lastovo, in the village of Ubli. It was built probably in the 11th century on the grounds of the previous Early Christian Church, dated in the 5th or the 6th century. It was a single nave vaulted building with an apse on its Eastern end. Today the Church is in ruins
Island of Lokrum, Church and Monastery of St. Mary Place between 01.01.1023 and 31.12.1100 between 01.01.1200 and 31.12.1300 The Benedictine Monastery of St. Mary was erected in 1023, while the original Church of St. Mary may date or perhaps pre-date the above mentioned year. The original appearance of the complex and the stylistic affiliation of the Early Medieval buildings are not known. Of the Early Medieval Monastery and Church, only four fragments of the lintel and frame of the opening are known, built into the existing assembly, which have not been thoroughly examined. At the end of 12th or early 13th century, a three-apse Romanesque church of St. Mary was built on the same site. In 1958, the complex was reorganized into the Biological Institute of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Island of Lopud, Church of St. Elijah Place between 01.01.0800 and 01.01.1000 31.12.1100 The remains of the Church of Sv. Elijah are situated on the south side of the semicircular bay of the Island of Lopud built probably in the 9th century, while Church furnishing from the 11th century indicates that the Church was restored the restoration at the end of the early medieval period. The Church of St. Elijah was first mentioned in written sources 1249. Its a single nave building with a dome supported by squinches. Allegedly, traces of frescoes could once be seen on these squinches, but today the rain mostly washed them away. Interior walls have lesenes placed in the middle of the wall leaning against the stone consoles, which is specific to this edifice. Apse is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. In time, the Church was left without a western facade and a roof, and with their demolition, the original square dome disappeared. Fragments of stone decoration can still be seen, including transena, altar screen beam with parts of inscription in Latin and consoles.
Island of Lopud, Church of St. John the Baptist Place between 01.01.0500 and 31.12.0600 between 01.01.1050 and 31.12.1300 The Church of St. John is situated in the area of Glavotok at the top of the hill named Ivanje brdo. It was built in the 6th or 7th century, of which testify fragments of stone sculpture (pillars, capitals, etc.) scattered around the Church. After the demolition of the early Christian basilica a new edifice was erected around 1000/1050. Its a single nave edifice with a dome. Outer walls are dissected by shallow niches, including a rectangular dome. A special feature of the Church of St. John is in the fact that in its interior, in a certain rhythm at the beginning of the barrel vault and in the apse, numerous earthen vessels were built in, which are smooth inside and quite well preserved, and indicate Byzantine influence (similar can be found in the Church of St. Nicholas and St. Sergius in Koločep). The building was extended from the West side in the 14th century adding a completely new building. Even though the Church is in remains it is still in use on certain days. Stylistically this Church is one of the earliest pre-Romanesque churches on the Island of Lopud.
Island of Lopud, Church of St. Maurus Place 01.01.1000 Ruins of the Church of St. Maurus are situated in the Eastern part of the Island of Lopud, at the place of Poluga. The Church was built probably in the 11th century, while first known written documents that mention the Church date from 1281 and 1284. The remains of the Church are preserved to a height of about 3 m, mostly on the north wall. Its a single nave edifice of trapezoidal shape with semicircular apse and divided interior into three bays with lesenes.
Island of Lopud, Church of St. Nicholas the Greek Place between 01.01.1075 and 31.12.1100 The Church of St. Nicholas the Greek is situated near the Polačica hill, North of the Church St. John and Church St. Peter, on the Island of Lopud. This church has an unusual name due to the fact that on the coast, within the Dominican monastery, there is another Church of the same name. The older one was given the adjective "Greek", which emphasizes its age and time of origin, i.e. in the time of the Byzantine Empire. Its a single nave building with a dome (rectangular on the outside) and an apse is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside, built in the 11th century. On the outside, the shallow niches end in double arches making this Church special since such decoration is rarely seen on this part of the land. In the lower part of the apse fragments of fresco decoration can be seen. The Church was in ruins but in the 1970s a complete conservation intervention was carried out and today the Church regained almost entirely its former appearance.
Island of Lopud, Church of St. Peter Place 01.01.1000 01.01.1773 The Church of St. Peter is situated on a remote part of an Island of Lopud, on the Eastern side of the Ivanje brdo, above the Šunj bay. It was possibly built in the 11th century. It is recorded in 1299 and was in ruins in the year 1773. Its a single nave building, with an apse semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. Shallow niches appear only in the interior, where the girdle in the middle reinforced the barrel vault. Church is today in ruins with only the North wall partially preserved.
Island of Majsan, Church of St. Maximus Place between 01.01.0500 and 31.12.0700 01.01.0800 Island of Majsan is situated 3km East of Island of Korčula. An Early Christian memoria was first built in the 4th century, and it was restaurated (its decoration) in the 6th century. In the 8th or the 9th century it was transformed into a pre-Romanesque building. It was probably a single nave edifice with a dome. Stone furnishing fragments were found as well as some fresco decoration fragments.
Island of Mljet, Church of St. Andrew Place between 01.01.1090 and 31.12.1100 31.12.1200 The Church of St. Andrew is situated on the Island of Mljet. It was probably built at the end of the 11th and the beginning of the 12th century and the Church from that period has not been preserved. Therefore the original appearance and ground plan of the Early Medieval Church are not known. The Church was rebuilt in the Gothic period with the construction of a pointed vault and has a Early Medieval transena built-in the facade.
Island of Mljet, Church of St. Mary Place between 01.01.1151 and 01.01.1200 between 31.12.1220 and 31.12.1230 The former Benedictine monastery was built in the middle of the Great Lake, on the Western part of the Island of Mljet. On the North side of the fortified monastery complex is the Romanesque church of St. Mary. Allegedly, it was built in the 12th century after Desa, the Grand župan of Zachlumia, in 1151 donated the Island of Mljet to the Benedictines. The Church was first mentioned by Serbian king Stefan the First-Crowned at the beginning of the 13th century, when the Nemanjyd dynasty had supreme power over the Island of Mljet. Its a single nave edifice with a dome. Typologically, the Church follows the tradition of rural single-nave domed Churches from the end of the 11th and the middle of the 12th century in Apulia. Also, the Church resembles the Church dedicated to the Mother of God Euergetis in Studenica Monastery, in the size, plan, forms etc.
Island of Mljet, Church of St. Michael in Babino Polje Place 01.01.0900 31.12.1000 The Church of St. Michael is situated North-West of Babino Polje, on the Island of Mljet. This part of Island is called after the patron saint of the Church (Sutmiho and Sutmiholjska bay). The Church was mentioned in 1430 as a Benedictine Church where monks resided upon arrival on this Island. There is no information on the original ground plan and affiliation type of the Church. The construction of the early medieval church is indicated by fragments with plaited ornaments (a pilaster from the altar screen and a lintel with an inscription in Latin) that can be dated to the 10th or the 11th century.
Island of Mljet, Church of St. Pancras in Babino Polje Place 01.01.1000 31.12.1100 The Church of St. Pancras is situated near Babino Polje, in the Island of Mljet. It is dedicated to a one-time patron of the island, a 4th century martyr from Phrygia, who was killed in Rome in 304 AD during Christian prosecutions, under Emperor Diocletian (ruled 284-305). The Church is a single nave building, dimensions 4x2m, with an apse on its Eastern end which is semicircular on the inside and rectangular on the outside. The naos was divided into two bays by the opposing, wide pilasters joined by an arch that strengthened the barrel vault. The Church was probably built in the 11th century, and today is left in ruins. In the 12th century it fell into the hands of the Benedictines. At that time, Babino Polje became the administrative and ecclesiastical center of the whole island.
Island of Mljet, Church of St. Peter and Paul Place between 01.01.0450 and 01.01.0500 31.12.1090 The Church of St. Peter and Paul is situated on the archaeological site called Crkvine, near the village Korite, on the Island of Mljet. It was built in the Late Antique of Early Mediveal period. At the end of the 11th century, on a narrow scope of the previous building, a new one was erected, dedicated to the same patron saints. It is a single nave building, with two bays, and an apse (rectangular on the outside and three semicircular niches in the inside).
Island of Mljet, Double Churches in Polače Place 01.01.0400 31.12.1000 The remains of two Churches are situated in the Eastern part of the Polače bay, on the Island of Mljet. The Double Churches (the Northern and the Southern one) were built in the 5th century. The Northern one was expanded probably in the 11th century and is preserved up to 3m in height because it was in use in the Middle Ages. The Southern basilica remained only in its foundations. Two single nave basilicas were built in the 5th (the Southern one has rectangular apse on the outside and a semicircular apse on the inside). A memorial was added to the South of the Double basilica. In the early Middle Ages, lesenes were added to the Northern basilica in order to change the wooden into a barrel vaulted structure. At the same time, a vestibule was added to its West side. The walling of the Southern portal, between the two early Christian buildings, proves that since then the Southern part of the complex of Double basilicas was no longer in function. The church space shaped in this way is known in the pre Romanesque architecture of Dalmatia
Island of Mrkan, Church of St. Michael Place between 01.01.1090 and 31.12.1190 The Church of St. Michael is situated on the Island of Markan, near Cavtat, and was first mentioned in the sources in 1218. Most researchers believe it was probably built around the end of the 12th century, when Cavtat was at the centre of the coastal part of Raška. Others date it to the end of the 11th century. Its a single nave edifice with a dome which has until today left unstudied. Next to its ruins are the remains of the Benedictine Monastery.
Island of Ošljak, Church of St. Mary Place between 01.01.0500 and 01.01.0800 between 31.12.1000 and 31.12.1300 The Church of St. Mary is situated on the Island of Ošljak. Its a single nave edifice with a semicircular apse, built probably in the 5th or 6th century. Its façade is decorated with lesenes. In the 9th or 11th century the Church was supplemented by a system of pilasters and vaults, so its interior was divided into three bays. In the 13th century the Church was redecorated once more, when its façade was changed. Bell tower was added on its Western side.
Island of Pašman, Church of St. Martin Place between 01.01.0500 and 01.01.0600 between 01.01.0800 and 31.12.1000 The Church of St. Martin is situated on the Island of Pašman, in the village Nevidjane. Today in ruins, the Church was a single nave edifice with a semicircular apse. It was first built in the 5th or the 6th century and was later, in the 9th or 11th century reconstructed. In the Middle Ages the Church was abandoned due to the plague. Church furnishings were later used for the baroque Church.
Island of Pašman, Ćokovac hill, Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian Place between 01.01.1059 and 01.01.1125 31.12.1350 The Benedictine Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian is situated on the Island of Pašman, on the Ćokovac hill. It was first built by bishop Theodoric in 1059 on the foundations of a former Byzantine fortress and an early Christian church. After Venetians conquered Biograd in the 12th century, the Benedictines came and built a new monastery and church which was also destroyed in the 14th century in order to be thoroughly restored in the Gothic style. Fragments of stone church furnishings were found during various excavations and are today kept in the monastery. Here a collection of eight Glagolitic inscriptions carved on stone are kept.
Island of St. Andrew, Church of St. Andrew Place 01.01.1050 31.12.1100 The remains of the Church of St. Andrew, which dates to the second half of the 11th century based on the analysis of a preserved and decorated lintel, are situated on the Island of St. Andrew. The Church has not been researched so there are no information on its type, measures, architecture or construction.
Island of St. Nicholas, Monastery of St. Nicholas Place 01.01.1348 01.01.1455 (SN ZSp., 707 - i priloži carьstvo mi svetogo Nikolu Vraninu; SLj List. 10, 68 - na San Nicolo de la Vranina).
Island of Starčevo, Monastery Starčeva Gorica, Church of the Holy Mother of God (1) Place between 01.01.1368 and 31.12.1379 The Church of the Holy Mother of God of the Starčevo Gorica Monastery was built between 1368 and 1379 (ZN br 149); (LjS ZiN IV, 6071 (16) - si sveti prolog Gorice Starčeve). Its a triconchos with a dome.
Island of Sušac, Church of St. Nicholas Place 01.01.0500 31.12.1080 The Church of St. Nicholas is situated on the Island of Sušac, 23km West from the Island of Lastovo. The Island was inhabited in ancient times. An Early Christian Church, probably dedicated to St. Michael, was built in the 6th century. This building will be adapted into an early medieval Church dedicated to St. Nicholas. Since the earliest mentioning of the Church is in the 12th century representing the terminus ante quem for its dating, researchers believe that it was probably built at the end of the 11th century. The Church today is in ruins. Its a single nave vaulted building with an apse (semicircular in the inside and rectangular on the outside). In the interior it had three lesenes which were connected to each other by arches and closed the barrel-shaped lintels of the side niches and at the same time formed the basis for the construction of the barrel vault of the Church nave. A typical feature of this church is the "pseudo-basilica" roof. No decoration was found.
Island of Vis, Church of St. Michael Place 01.01.1100 The Church of St. Michael was built in the 12th century. In the year 1613 the church was in a state of disrepair and refurbished in 1778. Its a single-nave edifice mentioned in the 12th century as the property of the Biševo Benedictine monastery.
Island of Čiovo, Church of St. Mary Place The Church of St. Mary was probably built in the late 11th century.
Island of Šipan, Church of St. John Place 01.01.1100 31.12.1400 The Church of St. John is located in Šilovo Selo, in the vicinity of Sundjurdje. The original pre-Romanesque Church was expanded in the 15th century and a new renaissance Church of flat surfaces and much larger dimensions was built. The original Church became a presbytery. The original Church of St. John was a single nave edifice built probably in the 11th century. The interior had a semicircular vault intersected by two girdles and divided into three aisles.The facade walls feature a rhythmical alteration of decorative lesenes and niches (four on each side of the building) that are deeper than on other buildings on Šipan, of the same period. The apse was semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. Fresco decoration, with inscriptions in Latin, can be found in the apse and on the South wall, indicating that once the entire interior was painted.
Island of Šipan, Church of St. Mary Place between 01.01.0400 and 31.12.0500 between 01.01.0800 and 31.12.1000 The Church of St. Mary is situated on the Island of Šipan, today in ruins. Its a single nave edifice probably built in the 5th or 6th century. In the period between the 9th and the 11th century the Church was vaulted. There are no evidence of the existing dome. Thanks to the preserved transena, we date the building to the pre-Romanesque period. In the 16th century, as part of the construction of the summer house of the bishops of Dubrovnik, the Church became a part of the residence now restored with Renaissance-style building interventions.
Island of Šipan, Church of St. Michael (Sutmiho) above the sea Place between 01.01.0500 and 01.01.0600 between 31.12.1000 and 31.12.1100 Ruined Church dedicated to St. Michael is located on a gorge above the sea, East of Bige Bay, on Island of Šipan. Its a single nave edifice with a semicircular apse, built in the close proximity of an antique archaeological site. Also, with some capitals that were found, researchers believe that it was first built in the 6th or 7th century. In the Late Middle Ages the Church was expanded with the addition of the Western part and a vault, while its Northern window was reshaped.
Island of Šipan, Church of St. Michael, in Pakljena Place between 01.01.1000 and 31.12.1050 The Church of St. Michael is situated on the Island of Šipan, in Pakljena, next to the benedictine Church of St. Mary. It was most probably built around the years 1000/1050. Its a single nave edifice, with three bays, a dome based on squinches and an apse which is semicircular on the inside and rectangular on the outside. The Church was partly refurbished and extended in the 14th century. In the time of the renaissance and/or baroque a bell-tower was added on the Western side of the building. Fragments of fresco decoration are still visible, as well as some stone reliefs. The church bears similarities to the Church of St John (Sveti Ivan) on the Island of Lopud.
Island of Šipan, Church of St. Peter Place 01.01.1000 The Church of St. Peter on the Island of Šipan is situated on Velji vrh, near the abandoned village Govedjari. It was built probably in the 11th century. Its a rectangular single nave edifice divided into three bays, with a dome placed on squinches. Apse is semicircular inside and rectangular on the outside. The facade of the lateral walls feature a rhythmical alteration of lesenes and niches of approximately equal width. The Eastern wall is divided by two narrow blind niches. The Western wall was divided by lesenes framed by a single arch. Conservation and restoration works in the 20th century completely restored the building.
Italia Place According to the Austrian consul Johann Georg von Hahn (1811-1869) the region between the rivers Mat and Drin was called "Italia" by the indigenous population. Hahn writes on this issue as follows: "Was den Landschaftsnamen betrifft, so braucht der Leser keinen Schreib- oder Druckfehler zu vermuthen, denn die Küstenebene zwischen dem Mat und Drin heisst bei den Eingeborenen Italia, und wenn ich der zahlreichen geographischen Parallelen an den beiden sich gegen überliegenden Ufern des Adria gedenke, von welchen ein Theil in den albanesischen Studien zusammengestellt ist, so halte ich es für wahrscheinlicher, dass dieser Name der Urzeit angehöre, als dass er in späterer Zeit von Italien entlehnt worden sei."
Ivanja Place 01.01.1220 31.12.1220 In ca. 1220 the village of Ivanja was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Prvovenčani (reigned 1196-1227) to the Monastery of Žiča (a u Zatoně sela: Črьnьča sь zaselijemь si, obě Ivani sь zaselijemь, Zamьčane sь zaselijemь, Dubovo Gane, i vьsa siě sela sь zaselijami si; MMS., 11 - ōbě Ivani sь zaselije mь).
Ivanja, Church of St. John Place 01.01.1300 31.12.1399 The Church of St. John in Ivanja was built during the 14th century. It is a single nave edifice with a semicircular apse.
Ivica Place 01.01.1444 (DA L. de F., 18, 80 - de Iviza).
Izbišta Place 08.02.1327 The Village of Izbišta was given by King Stefan Dečanksi to the Hilandar Monastery. The Donation was confirmed by Tsar Dušan (ZSp. 396 IV - I ješte priloži kraljevьstvo mi dvě selě: Izbišta i Komanovo Selište Bogorodici hylandar'skoi sь vsěmi pravinami. I se megja selomь [zěmь] i metohïi: kako ide dělь vyše Inina, itd. ZSp. 422 31 - Selo Izbišta sь oboju stranu).
Išarnica Place 01.01.1455 (BvAr MD 544 - Selo Išarnica).
Iž Mali, Island of Iž, Church of St. Mary Place 01.01.1100 The Pre-Romanesque Church of St. Mary is situated in Iž Mali, on the Island of Iž, and was built before 1100. In the 17th century a rectangular nave was added to the existing central ground plan of the edifice. Above the central part of the Church is a dome.
Jablan Place 01.01.1485 (MMS., 532 - drugi stupь zemlě na Jablano).
Jablanica (2) Place 15.07.1363 On the 15th of July 1363 the Village of Jablanica was given to the Serbian nobleman Musa. The Village was home to Serbian court chefs (OSp. 166 - selo magerьsko Jablanca).
Jablčno in Ljubovićka Župa Place 01.01.1330 31.12.1330 The village of Jablčno in Ljubovićka Župa was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski (reigned 1321-1331) to the Monastery of Dečani in the year 1330. The village belonged to Marko Kostić (DH 58 - I u ljubovićkoj župě Marko Kostić i s děcom i s selom jablčnom i črni my vrh zaselje).
Janjina, Church of St. George Place 01.01.0800 31.12.1000 The Church of St. George is situated on a hill near Janjina, in the middle of the Pelješac Peninsula. Today in ruins it was probably built in the second half of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century as a single-nave edifice with a semicircular apse. It was built by certain Peter (Petar), whose name is written in the Latin inscription on the stone architrave on the altar screen. Arounf the Church is a Late Antique cemetery.
Jare Place 01.01.1330 31.12.1330 The hamlet of Jare, which belonged to the village of Grad, was donated by the Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski (reigned 1322-1331) to the Monastery of Dečani in 1330 (DH 73 – Zaselьk čabiću dobrodoli; MSM Gl., XII, 40 - a zasel'kь gradu Jare).
Jasenovik Place 01.01.1314 The Village of Jasenovik was mentioned in 1314 (Sp. IV 3 - a ōt Jasenovika u Maalu lok'bu).
Jasikovica Place 01.01.1314 The Hamlet of Jasikovica was mentioned in the Year 1314 (Sp. IV 4 - u Jasikovicu na kr(ь)ste). The Hamlet of Jasikovica is assumed to lie within the village boundaries of the modern Village of Tušimlja.
Jelašnica Place 01.01.1380 The Village of Jelašnica was given in a Charter of the prince Lazar to the Hospital of the Hilandar Monastery. Its former owners were Djurdje Nenišić and tepčija Gradoslav. (ZSp. 449 I - Sego že radi dahь otь gospodьstva mojego obitěli prěsvetyje Bogorodice Hilanьdarьskyje selo Jelažьnicu Gjurьgja Nenišikja sь megjami i sь zaselьci i sь vsěmi pravinami selo togo, a zaselьkь mu Tolanovina, i zaselьkь mu Gjurgjevikь, na čemь su sedeli krьtěše i zaselьkь mu Resnikь i selo Jelašьnica Gradislava tepčije i sь megjami i sь zaselьci i pravinami sela togo, a zaselьkь mu Grabьcь, i zaselьkь mu Gribi, i zaselьkь mu Šikože, i zaselьkь mu Ošljakь, i zaselьkь mu Zvizdali, i zaselьkь mu Slatina). The village was again mentioned in a Charter of the Patriarch Spiridon (ZSp 450). It is the same Gradoslav, who had already been attested in 1348 (Gk XV 302).
Jeleč Place 01.01.1315 (LjK Sp., IV, 4 - pod Jelečemь).
Jeliki Place 01.01.1315 (LjK Sp., IV, 4 - selo Jeliki). The village is probably identified with modern Jeliće.
Jesenice, Church of St. Maximus Place 01.01.1080 The Church of St. Maximus is mentioned in a document from the year 1080. Its a single-nave edifice, barrel vaulted, with a semicircular apse and a bell at the Western side of the Church.
Ježevica, Church of St. Nicholas Place 01.01.1300 The Church of St. Nicholas in Ježevica was built in the 14th century or even earlier (Enc II 132). It has a plan of an inscribed cross with a dome with semicircular apse. Narthex and a bell tower were added later, in the 19th century. The Church was fresco painted in the 17th century on the ground of probably 14th century painting.
Jovanje Monastery Place The Jovanje Monastery was built in the 14th or 15th century (Enc II 158).
Jurandvor, Island of Krk, Church of St. Lucy Place 01.01.1100 The Church of St. Lucy was built around 1100. It has a to